Understanding Human Sexuality 7th Canadian Edition By Janet Shibley Hyde – Test Bank

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ISBN13: 9781259273803
ISBN10: 1259273806
Edition: 7TH 18
Copyright: 2018
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Ryerson
Published: 2018

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SKU:000786000684

Understanding Human Sexuality 7th Canadian Edition By Janet Shibley Hyde – Test Bank

Chapter 02

Theoretical Perspectives on Sexuality


True / False Questions

1. A sociobiologist would suggest that the nuclear family structure of a man, woman, and offspring functions positively for reproductive success because it perpetuates pair bonding and attachment between parent and infant.
TRUE


Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Learning Objective: 02-01 Describe the concepts associated with the evolutionary perspective.
Topic: 02-02 Evaluation of Sociobiology

2. Sociobiology has been criticized since the 1980s for embracing an outmoded and naïve version of evolutionary theory.
TRUE


Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Learning Objective: 02-01 Describe the concepts associated with the evolutionary perspective.
Topic: 02-01 Evolutionary Perspectives

3. According to evolutionary psychology, successful long-term sexual strategies in mate-selection often are not based on the same criteria used in successful short-term sexual strategies.
TRUE


Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Learning Objective: 02-01 Describe the concepts associated with the evolutionary perspective.
Topic: 02-03 Evolutionary Psychology

4. According to Freud, the ego develops first, followed by the id and superego.
FALSE


Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Learning Objective: 02-02 State the strenghts and weaknesses of the various Freudian psychoanalytic concepts.
Topic: 02-05 Psychoanalytic Theory

5. Freud saw that one of the key factors in the development of the human personality in males was the resolution of their desire to kill their fathers and possess their mothers.
TRUE


Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Learning Objective: 02-02 State the strenghts and weaknesses of the various Freudian psychoanalytic concepts.
Topic: 02-05 Psychoanalytic Theory

6. The distinction that Freud and many of the followers of psychoanalytic theory have made between a vaginal orgasm and a clitoral orgasm in women is best described as erroneous.
TRUE


Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Learning Objective: 02-02 State the strenghts and weaknesses of the various Freudian psychoanalytic concepts.
Topic: 02-05 Psychoanalytic Theory

7. If we believe that sexual behaviour and beliefs can be changed at just about any time during our lives rather than in only our childhood, we are adherents to psychoanalytic theory.
FALSE


Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Learning Objective: 02-03 Discuss the concepts of learning theory as they relate to the learning of sexual behaviours.
Topic: 02-05 Psychoanalytic Theory

8. Classical conditioning can affect sexual behaviours.
FALSE


Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Learning Objective: 02-03 Discuss the concepts of learning theory as they relate to the learning of sexual behaviours.
Topic: 02-06 Learning Theory

9. Social exchange theory sees social relationships as exchanges of goods and services between people.
TRUE


Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Learning Objective: 02-04 Show how social exchange theory explains sexual relationships and their satisfaction; stability; and change.
Topic: 02-07 Social Exchange Theory

10. The gender schemas that exist in the members of any society respond relatively quickly to change in society and what men and women do in that society.
FALSE


Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Learning Objective: 02-05 Demonstrate the relationship between cognition and sexuality and gender.
Topic: 02-08 Cognitive Theory

11. Feminist theory was proposed by a single theorist – the well-known Virginia Johnson is often referenced with her partnership – Masters and Johnson.
FALSE


Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Learning Objective: 02-06 Describe the critical theory perspective; including feminist theories and queer theory.
Topic: 02-10 Feminist Theory

12. Queer theory focuses specifically on research relating to sexual orientation.
FALSE


Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Understand
Learning Objective: 02-06 Describe the critical theory perspective; including feminist theories and queer theory.
Topic: 02-11 Queer Theory

13. For the most part in Canadian society, the institution of religion has had little influence in the shaping of sexual norms because of the emphasis in Canada upon the freedom of the individual to decide what’s best for each person.
FALSE


Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Learning Objective: 02-08 Describe the sociological perspective; including the social importance of sexuality and its relationship to the social institutions.
Topic: 02-15 Social Institutions

14. According to Symbolic Interaction Theory, people can communicate successfully with one another only to the extent that they ascribe similar meanings to objects and people.
TRUE


Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Understand
Learning Objective: 02-07 Describe symbolic interaction theory and its relationship to the concept of sexual scripts and sexual fields.
Topic: 02-12 Symbolic Interation Theory

15. Sexual behaviour is a result of extensive prior learning that teaches us sexual etiquette and how to interpret specific situations.
TRUE


Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Understand
Learning Objective: 02-07 Describe symbolic interaction theory and its relationship to the concept of sexual scripts and sexual fields.
Topic: 02-15 Social Institutions

16. In Canada, a charge of nudity carries a sentence of 6 months and/or $5,000.
FALSE


Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Learning Objective: 02-09 Show the ways in which laws in the Criminal Code of Canada regulate sexual conduct.
Topic: 02-15 Social Institutions

17. Sexual Interference is described in the Canadian Criminal Code as an act that direct or indirect touching (for a sexual purpose) of a person under the age of 16 using a part of the body or an object.
TRUE


Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Learning Objective: 02-09 Show the ways in which laws in the Criminal Code of Canada regulate sexual conduct.
Topic: 02-15 Social Institutions

18. An example of symbolic communication is a flower representing the womb in art.
FALSE


Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Learning Objective: 02-07 Describe symbolic interaction theory and its relationship to the concept of sexual scripts and sexual fields.
Topic: 02-12 Symbolic Interation Theory

19. Mike and Cindy have a predictable first date where they both expect to do the same things in a relatively specific order: getting to know one another, evaluating, eating out, making out, and then going home. They are following what is known as a sexual script.
TRUE


Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Learning Objective: 02-07 Describe symbolic interaction theory and its relationship to the concept of sexual scripts and sexual fields.
Topic: 02-13 Sexual Scripts


Multiple Choice Questions

20. Which of the following is the concept sociobiologists use to describe “the process by which the individuals that are best adapted to their environment, survive, reproduce, and pass on their genes”?
A. sexual strategies
B. natural selection
C. environmental physiology
D. gender schemas


Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Learning Objective: 02-01 Describe the concepts associated with the evolutionary perspective.
Topic: 02-02 Evaluation of Sociobiology

21. What do sociobiologists believe that human sexual behaviours are primarily the result of?
A. Observational learning
B. Personal experience
C. Evolution
D. Cultural influences


Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Learning Objective: 02-01 Describe the concepts associated with the evolutionary perspective.
Topic: 02-02 Evaluation of Sociobiology

22. Which of the following supports the sociobiological theory of parental investment?
A. Fathers spend an equal amount of money on their genetic children and their current stepchildren.
B. Fathers spend more money on their genetic children than on stepchildren from past relationships.
C. Fathers spend less money on their genetic children than on their current stepchildren.
D. Fathers’ spending habits are entirely dictated by the Charter of Rights and Freedoms.


Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Learning Objective: 02-01 Describe the concepts associated with the evolutionary perspective.
Topic: 02-02 Evaluation of Sociobiology

23. Which theoretical formulation has been criticized for an over-emphasis on reproduction?
A. sociology
B. sociobiology
C. social learning theory
D. script theory


Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Remember
Learning Objective: 02-01 Describe the concepts associated with the evolutionary perspective.
Topic: 02-02 Evaluation of Sociobiology

24. Pair-bonding and attachment increase reproductive success. Which example illustrates these mechanisms?
A. A mother and father are emotionally involved and share finances.
B. A mother and her child have a loving relationship and the father provides finances.
C. A mother and father are emotionally involved and both have a loving relationship with the child.
D. A father and his child have a loving relationship and the mother provides stability.


Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Understand
Learning Objective: 02-01 Describe the concepts associated with the evolutionary perspective.
Topic: 02-03 Evolutionary Psychology

25. Which of the following is a sexual strategy which would be considered an effective evolutionary psychological mechanism?
A. A male choosing a fertile female who appears unhealthy.
B. A male chooses a sexually available female for both short-term and long-term relationships.
C. A male choosing a sexually available female for a short-term relationship, but avoiding such females for a long-term relationship.
D. A female choosing a partner for the short-term relationship because of immediate resource availability but not considering the implication for the long term.


Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Understand
Learning Objective: 02-01 Describe the concepts associated with the evolutionary perspective.
Topic: 02-03 Evolutionary Psychology

26. Some theorists suggest we may look at a partner’s physique and complexion to estimate their
A. social status
B. sexual experience
C. genetic structure
D. reproductive potential


Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Understand
Learning Objective: 02-01 Describe the concepts associated with the evolutionary perspective.
Topic: 02-03 Evolutionary Psychology

27. According to sociobiology theory, homosexuality may be explained by which of the following?
A. The lack of sexual reproduction between homosexuals gives them the evolutionary advantage of having more resources available to themselves.
B. Homosexuality likely evolved to provide more care-giving individuals within a community.
C. Homosexuality likely evolved as a fourth sexual selection strategy in communities with an over-representation of one gender.
D. Because of its focus on reproduction, sociobiological theory cannot explain homosexuality.


Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Understand
Learning Objective: 02-01 Describe the concepts associated with the evolutionary perspective.
Topic: 02-03 Evolutionary Psychology

28. A girl is impressed with her boyfriend’s ambition. She feels he will make a good husband and father. She accepts his proposal of marriage. What is this an example of?
A. Sexual selection
B. Natural selection
C. Cognitive selection
D. Social display


Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Apply
Learning Objective: 02-01 Describe the concepts associated with the evolutionary perspective.
Topic: 02-03 Evolutionary Psychology

29. When a group of males at a party compete to catch the attention of one particularly beautiful and intelligent female, they are displaying a behaviour called
A. gender schema
B. latency
C. sexual selection
D. parental investment


Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Apply
Learning Objective: 02-01 Describe the concepts associated with the evolutionary perspective.
Topic: 02-03 Evolutionary Psychology

30. A married man who refrains from flirting with a female in front of his wife is being guided by which of the following?
A. id
B. ego
C. libido
D. pleasure principle


Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Blooms: Apply
Learning Objective: 02-02 State the strenghts and weaknesses of the various Freudian psychoanalytic concepts.
Topic: 02-05 Psychoanalytic Theory

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