Test Bank For Accounting Principles 7Th Canadian Edition Volume 1 By Jerry J. Weygandt

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Test Bank For Accounting Principles 7Th Canadian Edition Volume 1 By Jerry J. Weygandt

CHAPTER 2 THE RECORDING PROCESS

CHAPTER Learning OBJECTIVES

1. Describe how accounts, debits, and credits are used to record business transactions. Debit means left and credit means right. The normal balance of an asset is a debit because assets are on the left side of the accounting equation. Assets are increased by debits and decreased by credits. The normal balance of liabilities and owner’s capital is a credit because they are on the right side of the accounting equation. Liabilities and owner’s capital are increased by credits and decreased by debits. Revenues increase owner’s equity and therefore are recorded as credits because credits increase owner’s equity. Credits increase revenues and debits decrease revenues. Expenses and drawings decrease owner’s equity and therefore are recorded as debits because debits decrease owner’s equity. Expenses and drawings are increased by debits and decreased by credits.

2. State how a journal is used in the recording process and journalize transactions. The steps in the recording process are the first three steps in the accounting cycle. These steps are: (a) analyze each transaction for its effect on the accounts, (b) record the transaction in a journal, and (c) transfer the journal information to the correct accounts in the ledger.

A journal: (a) discloses the complete effect of a transaction in one place, (b) provides a chronological record of transactions, (c) helps to prevent and locate errors because the debit and credit amounts for each entry can be easily compared, and (d) explains the transaction and, if there is one, identifies the source document.

3. Explain how a ledger helps in the recording process and post transactions. The entire group of accounts maintained by a company is called the ledger. The ledger keeps in one place all the information about changes in each of the specific account balances. Posting is the procedure of transferring journal entries to the ledger accounts. After the journal entries have been posted, the ledger will show all of the increases and decreases that have been made to each account.

4. Prepare a trial balance. A trial balance is a list of the accounts in the ledger and the account balances at a specific time. Its main purpose is to prove that debits and credits are equal after posting. A trial balance uncovers certain types of errors in journalizing and posting, and is useful in preparing financial statements. Preparing a trial balance is the fourth step in the accounting cycle.

Exercises

Exercise 1

Identify each of the following accounts as an asset, liability, equity, revenue or expense.

1. L. Ralph, Capital _____________

2. Consulting Revenue _____________

3. Accounts Payable _____________

4. Office Supplies _____________

5. Prepaid Advertising _____________

6. Machinery _____________

7. Cash _____________

8. L. Ralph, Withdrawals _____________

9. Salaries Expense _____________

10. Repairs & Maintenance _____________

11. Accounts Receivable _____________

12. Unearned Revenue _____________

13. Rent Revenue _____________

Solution 1 (5 min.)

1. Equity

2. Revenue

3. Liability

4. Asset

5. Asset

6. Asset

7. Asset

8. Equity

9. Expense

10. Expense

11. Asset

12. Liability

13. Revenue

Bloomcode: Comprehension

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Describe how accounts, debits, and credits are used to record business transactions.

Section Reference: The Account

CPA: Financial Reporting

Exercise 2

For the accounts listed below, indicate if the normal balance of the account is a debit or credit.

    Normal Balance

Accounts       Debit or Credit

1.Repairs & Maintenance

2.Interest Receivable

3.Prepaid Insurance

4.Unearned Revenue

5.Insurance Expense

6.Fees Earned

7.Machinery

8.Notes Payable

9.Land

10.Owner Withdrawals

Solution 2 (5 min.)

      Normal Balance

Accounts         Debit or Credit

1. Repairs & Maintenance Debit

2. Interest Receivable Debit

3. Prepaid Insurance Debit

4. Unearned Revenue Credit

5. Insurance Expense Debit

6. Fees Earned Credit

7. Machinery Debit

8. Notes Payable Credit

9. Land Debit

10. Owner Withdrawals Debit

Bloomcode: Comprehension

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Describe how accounts, debits, and credits are used to record business transactions.

Section Reference: The Account

CPA: Financial Reporting

Exercise 3

The following accounts relate to Harold’s Pool & Spas Co.:

1. Land

2. Installation Revenue

3. Land

4. Notes Receivable

5. Harold, Capital

6. Sales

7. Prepaid Insurance

8. Interest Payable

9. Commission Expense

10. Salaries Payable

11. Unearned Revenue

12. Harold, Withdrawals

Instructions

Use the form below to identify the type of account and its normal balance. The first one has been completed for you as an example.

Type of AccountNormal Balance

Asset Liability Equity Debit Credit

  1. __X__ ______     ___   __X__ _____
  2. _____ ______     ___   _____ _____
  3. _____ ______     ___   _____ _____
  4. _____ ______     ___   _____ _____
  5. _____ ______     ___   _____ _____
  6. _____ ______     ___   _____ _____
  7. _____ ______     ___   _____ _____
  8. _____ ______     ___   _____ _____
  9. _____ ______     ___   _____ _____
  10. _____ ______     ___   _____ _____
  11. _____ ______     ___   _____ _____
  12. _____ ______     ___   _____ _____

Solution 3 (10 min.)

Type of AccountNormal Balance

Asset Liability Equity Debit Credit

  1. __X__ ______     ___   __X__ _____
  1. _____ ______     X__   _____ __X__
  1. __X__ ______     ___   __X__ _____
  1. __X__ ______     ___   __X__ _____
  1. _____ ______     X__   _____ __X__
  1. _____ ______     X__   _____ __X__
  1. __X__ ______     ___   __X__ _____
  1. _____ __X___     ___   _____ __X__
  1. _____ ______     X__   __X__ _____
  1. _____ __X___     ___   _____ __X__
  1. _____ __X___     ___   _____ __X__
  1. _____ ______     X__   __X__ _____

Bloomcode: Comprehension

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Describe how accounts, debits, and credits are used to record business transactions.

Section Reference: The Account

CPA: Financial Reporting

Exercise 4

The chart of accounts used by Fortier Copy Company is listed below:

10Cash30D. Fortier, Capital

12Accounts Receivable35D. Fortier, Drawings

15Paper Supplies40Photocopy Revenue

18Copy Machines51Advertising Expense

22Accounts Payable53Rent Expense

25Notes Payable54Wages Expense

28Unearned Revenue

Instructions

Indicate the proper accounts to be debited and credited for the following transactions by writing the account number(s) in the appropriate columns.

——————————————————————————————————————————

Number(s)Number(s)

of account(s)of account(s)

debitedcredited

——————————————————————————————————————————

1. Dan Fortier invests $90,000 cash to start the business.

——————————————————————————————————————————

2. Purchased three photocopy machines for $200,000, paying $50,000 cash and signing a 5-year, 6% note for the remainder.

——————————————————————————————————————————

3. Purchased $5,000 paper supplies on credit.

——————————————————————————————————————————

4. Cash photocopy revenue amounted to $7,000.

——————————————————————————————————————————

5. Paid $500 cash for radio advertising.

——————————————————————————————————————————

6. Paid $800 on account for paper supplies purchased in transaction 3.

——————————————————————————————————————————

7. Dan Fortier withdrew $1,500 from the business for personal expenses.

——————————————————————————————————————————

8. Paid $1,200 cash for rent for the current month.

——————————————————————————————————————————

9. Received $2,000 cash advance from a customer for future copying.

——————————————————————————————————————————

10. Billed a customer for $450 for photocopy work done.

——————————————————————————————————————————

11. Paid $400 for wages for the month.

——————————————————————————————————————————

Solution 4 (15 min.)

——————————————————————————————————————————

Number(s)Number(s)

of account(s)of account(s)

debitedcredited

——————————————————————————————————————————

1. Dan Fortier invests $90,000 cash to start the 

business.1030

——————————————————————————————————————————

2. Purchased three photocopy machines for

$200,000, paying $50,000 cash and signing a

5-year, 6% note for the remainder.1810, 25

——————————————————————————————————————————

3. Purchased $5,000 paper supplies on credit. 15 22

——————————————————————————————————————————

4. Cash photocopy revenue amounted to $7,000. 10 40

——————————————————————————————————————————

5. Paid $500 cash for radio advertising. 51 10

——————————————————————————————————————————

6. Paid $800 on account for paper supplies

purchased in transaction 3.2210

——————————————————————————————————————————

7. Dan Fortier withdrew $1,500 from the business for

personal expenses.3510

——————————————————————————————————————————

8. Paid $1,200 cash for rent for the current month. 53 10

——————————————————————————————————————————

9. Received $2,000 cash advance from a 

customer for future copying.1028

——————————————————————————————————————————

10. Billed a customer for $450 for photocopy work

done.1240

——————————————————————————————————————————

11. Paid $400 for wages for the month. 54 10

——————————————————————————————————————————

Bloomcode: Comprehension

Difficulty: Easy

Learning Objective: Describe how accounts, debits, and credits are used to record business transactions.

Section Reference: The Account

CPA: Financial Reporting

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