Test Bank For Abnormal Psychology Clinical Perspectives on Psychological Disorders 8Th Edition By Susan

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Test Bank For Abnormal Psychology Clinical Perspectives on Psychological Disorders 8Th Edition By Susan

Chapter 03

Assessment

1. Which of the following is a common use of psychological assessment?

A. To evaluate a client’s symptoms or diagnosis

B. To determine whether an individual is competent to stand trial

C. To evaluate appropriateness for a job

D. All of the above

Page: 52Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA LO: 1.3

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: Define key concepts of assessment.

Topic: Assessment

2. Dr. Romero is using a number of tests and techniques in an attempt to identify the factors that are influencing her client’s functioning. Dr. Romero is engaging in a process more formally defined as a psychological

A. screening.

B. diagnosis.

C. quantification.

D. assessment.

Page: 52Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA LO: 1.3

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Medium

Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: Define key concepts of assessment.

Topic: Assessment

3. A _____ is a procedure in which a clinician provides a formal evaluation of an individual’s cognitive, personality, and psychosocial functioning.

A. psychological assessment

B. medical diagnosis

C. clinical review

D. personality test

Page: 52Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA LO: 1.3

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: Define key concepts of assessment.

Topic: Assessment

4. The _____ of a test indicates the consistency of the scores it produces.

A. liability

B. validity

C. reliability

D. utility

Page: 52Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA LO: 1.1

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Medium

Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: Define key concepts of assessment.

Topic: Reliability and Validity

5. Which of the following terms refers to how well a test measures what it is designed to measure?

A. Consistency

B. Validity

C. Reliability

D. Utility

Page: 52Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA LO: 1.1

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Medium

Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: Define key concepts of assessment.

Topic: Reliability and Validity

6. Cathy is given the task of measuring the volume of water a wading pool will hold. Unfortunately, the instrument she chooses to use to accomplish this task is a thermometer. Cathy is carrying out a procedure that is NOT a _____ measure of volume.

A. reliable

B. consistent

C. valid

D. concurrent

Page: 52Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA LO: 1.1

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: Define key concepts of assessment.

Topic: Reliability and Validity

7. Mr. Tate clearly specifies a test’s instructions for administration and scoring. He gives each individual in the room an hour to finish the visual-spatial task. Which of the following psychometric criterion has Mr. Tate used?

A. Harmonization

B. Conciliation

C. Standardization

D. Customization

Page: 52Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA LO: 1.1

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Hard

Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: Define key concepts of assessment.

Topic: Standardization

8. A good psychological test is one that follows standardized procedures for scoring and

A. diagnosis.

B. classification.

C. organization.

D. administration.

Page: 52Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA LO: 1.1

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Medium

Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: Define key concepts of assessment.

Topic: Standardization

9. Jonathan, a clinician, unintentionally makes generic and vague statements about his client Amy that do not specifically characterize her. The statements describe Amy as a strong person but also suggest that she could display fragility under difficult circumstances. This can be true for most people. Which of the following is Jonathan’s interpretation characteristic of?

A. Pygmalion Effect

B. Placebo Effect

C. Hawthorne Effect

D. Barnum Effect

Page: 53Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA LO: 1.3

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Hard

Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: Explain the challenges of assessment.

Topic: Assessment

10. Deciding which methods of assessment are appropriate for different types of clients in different types of situations is an aspect of

A. choosing between use of the Rorschach and the TAT.

B. evidence-based assessment.

C. creating the restructured clinical scales for the MMPI.

D. psychometric validity.

Page: 53Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA LO: 1.3

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Medium

Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: Compare and contrast assessment tools.

Topic: Assessment

11. A series of questions that clinicians administer in a face-to-face interaction with the client that enables the clinicians to make observations of their clients is known as

A. a psychometric test.

B. a clinical interview.

C. the self-report questionnaire.

D. the Thematic Apperception Test.

Page: 53Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA LO: 1.3

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: Describe clinical interviews.

Topic: Interview Types

12. What type of interview relies on a set of open-ended questions designed to assess the client’s reasons for being in treatment, symptoms, health status, family background, and life history?

A. Standardized interview

B. Evaluation interview

C. Unstructured interview

D. Structured interview

Page: 53Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA LO: 1.3

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: Describe clinical interviews.

Topic: Interview Types

13. Dr. Sebastian is trying to determine Ralph’s reason for seeking treatment by asking him a series of open-ended questions. He wants to determine Ralph’s family background and life history. What type of assessment technique is Dr. Sebastian employing?

A. Self-report interview

B. Diagnostic questionnaire

C. Standardized interview

D. Unstructured interview

Page: 53Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA LO: 1.3

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Medium

Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: Describe clinical interviews.

Topic: Interview Types

14. The _____ interview is a standardized series of assessment questions, with a predetermined wording and order.

A. structured

B. reference

C. clinical

D. unstructured

Page: 54Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA LO: 1.3

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: Describe clinical interviews.

Topic: Interview Types

15. In addition to noting the answers to questions in an unstructured interview, the clinician also observes the client’s

A. verbal cues.

B. opinion on moral issues.

C. level of comfort.

D. family structure.

Page: 54Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA LO: 1.3

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Easy

Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: Describe clinical interviews.

Topic: Interview Types

16. Which of the following is NOT typically included as part of a clinical interview?

A. Personality testing

B. Information about age and cultural background

C. Information about employment and work history

D. Clinician observations about the client’s mood state

Page: 54Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA LO: 1.3

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: Describe clinical interviews.

Topic: Interview Types

17. A clinician watches a client through a one-way mirror and records the number of times he engages in self-injurious behavior. This assessment method is commonly referred to as a

A. behavioral self-report.

B. behavioral observation.

C. behavioral inventory.

D. semi-structured inventory.

Page: 54Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA LO: 1.3

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Medium

Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: Compare and contrast assessment tools.

Topic: Interview Types

18. When using the _____ interview, the clinician pursues specific lines of questioning based on the client’s answers to predetermined questions.

A. unstructured

B. psycho diagnostic

C. family history

D. structured

Page: 55Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA LO: 1.3

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: Describe clinical interviews.

Topic: Interview Types

19. Which of the following statement is true with regard to Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-5 Disorders (SCID-5)?

A. Anyone with the proper training can administer the SCID, not necessarily only licensed mental health professionals.

B. SCID-5 is a standardized set of questions which cannot be modified to suit the interviewee’s answers.

C. The SCID-5 takes 2 to 3 hours to administer, depending on the complexity of the client’s symptoms.

D. Clinicians use the SCID-5 to get reimbursement from insurance companies.

Page: 55Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA LO: 1.3

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Medium

Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: Describe clinical interviews.

Topic: Interview Types

20. Which of the following is an advantage that the structured interview has over the unstructured interview?

A. Structured interviews generally require a great deal of skill and expertise to administer.

B. The structured interview is a systematic approach that is less subject to variations from clinician to clinician.

C. The administration of structured interviews requires extensive training.

D. Structured interviews allow clinicians to alter questions to fit their clients’ situations.

Page: 55Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA LO: 1.3

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Difficult

Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: Describe clinical interviews.

Topic: Interview Types

21. A mental status examination

A. is used to determine intellectual disability.

B. tests for a variety of assessments, including overall cognitive evaluation.

C. is a brief screening device to assess dementia.

D. is used to assess a client’s current state of mind.

Page: 56Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA LO: 1.3

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: Describe a mental status examination.

Topic: Mental Status Examination

22. Which of the following is a structured tool that clinicians use as a brief screening device to assess neurocognitive disorders?

A. Global Assessment of Functioning

B. Anorectic Behavior Observation Scale

C. Mini-Mental State Examination

D. Comprehensive Psychopathological Rating Scale

Page: 56Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA LO: 1.3

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Medium

Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: Describe a mental status examination.

Topic: Mental Status Examination

23. A(n) _____ is a method of objectively assessing a client’s behavior and functioning in a number of spheres, with particular attention to the symptoms associated with psychological disturbance.

A. interpretive test

B. analytic assessment

C. structured questionnaire

D. mental status examination

Page: 56Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA LO: 1.3

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Medium

Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: Describe a mental status examination.

Topic: Mental Status Examination

24. Mrs. Jones is 79 years old. She often forgets where she is and thinks she is a teenager. Doctors have diagnosed her condition as dementia. Which of the following structured tools will be used to assess her condition?

A. International Personality Disorder Examination

B. Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-5

C. Mini-Mental State Examination

D. Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale

Page: 56Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA LO: 1.3

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Difficult

Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: Describe a mental status examination.

Topic: Mental Status Examination

25. Which of the following is NOT one of the areas of functioning assessed by a mental status examination?

A. Behavior

B. Content of thought

C. Socioeconomic status

D. Insight

Page: 56Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA LO: 1.3

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: Describe a mental status examination.

Topic: Mental Status Examination

26. Rachael’s therapist is trying to determine her current functioning by examining her behavior, thought process, mood and affect, insight, and judgment. The therapist is actually conducting a

A. standardized interview.

B. self-report assessment.

C. psycho physiological assessment.

D. mental status examination.

Page: 56Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA LO: 1.3

Bloom’s: Apply

Difficulty: Medium

Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: Describe a mental status examination.

Topic: Mental Status Examination

27. What kind of psychological test yields information about cognitive functioning and the presence of learning disabilities?

A. Projective test

B. Intelligence test

C. Behavioral assessment

D. Self-report questionnaire

Page: 57Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA LO: 1.3

Bloom’s: Understand

Difficulty: Easy

Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: Explain intelligence testing.

Topic: Intelligence Tests

28. Through intelligence testing, clinicians can obtain standardized scores that allow them to

A. evaluate the cognitive strengths and weaknesses of their clients.

B. distinguish between the social status of two clients.

C. categorize the level of intelligence in a large group of clients.

D. compare the standard of living of different clients.

Page: 57Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA LO: 1.3

Bloom’s: Difficult

Difficulty: Medium

Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: Explain intelligence testing.

Topic: Intelligence Tests

29. Who developed the first IQ test?

A. David Wechsler

B. John Stanford

C. Alfred Binet

D. Adrian Bellevue

Page: 57Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA LO: 1.3

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Easy

Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: Explain intelligence testing.

Topic: Intelligence Tests

30. _____ is an index of intelligence derived from comparing the individual’s score on an intelligence test with the mean score for that individual’s reference group.

A. Wechsler Intelligence quotient

B. MMPI standardized score

C. MPTI code

D. Deviation intelligence score

Page: 57Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation

APA LO: 1.3

Bloom’s: Remember

Difficulty: Difficult

Gradable: automatic

Learning Objective: Explain intelligence testing.

Topic: Intelligence Tests

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