Test Bank For A Topical Approach to Lifespan Development 10th edition By John Santrock

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Test Bank For A Topical Approach to Lifespan Development 10th edition By John Santrock

Chapter 03Test Bank1. According to the cephalocaudal growth pattern, which of the following is/are likely to show fast growth first?A. legsB. handsC. stomachD. headAPA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: UnderstandDifficulty Level: BasicGradable: automaticPage: 88Learning Objective: Discuss major changes in the body through the life span.Topic: Patterns of Growth2. According to the proximodistal growth pattern, which of the following are likely to show growth earlier?A. feet and handsB. fingersC. toesD. legs and armsAPA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: UnderstandDifficulty Level: BasicGradable: automaticPage: 88Learning Objective: Discuss major changes in the body through the life span.Topic: Patterns of Growth3. Which of the following indicates that growth progresses from the top of the body to the bottom?A. lateralizationB. cephalocaudalC. sarcopeniaD. proximodistalAPA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: RememberDifficulty Level: BasicGradable: automaticPage: 88Learning Objective: Discuss major changes in the body through the life span.Topic: Patterns of Growth4. In prenatal development, the head and its features grow in size and differentiation before the neck, shoulders, trunk, and limbs. What is this pattern of development called?A. lateralizationB. cephalocaudalC. sarcopeniaD. proximodistalAPA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: RememberDifficulty Level: BasicGradable: automaticPage: 88Learning Objective: Discuss major changes in the body through the life span.Topic: InfancyTopic: Patterns of Growth5. Which growth pattern indicates that growth progresses from the center of the body toward the extremities?A. sarcopeniaB. lateralizationC. proximodistalD. cephalocaudalAPA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: RememberDifficulty Level: BasicGradable: automaticPage: 88Learning Objective: Discuss major changes in the body through the life span.Topic: Patterns of Growth6. Baby Kassie can slap the tray of the highchair but cannot yet pick up small pieces of cereal with her fingers. This is an example ofA. the proximodistal pattern in physical growth.B. a congenital birth defect.C. a neurological disorder.D. the cephalocaudal pattern in physical growth.APA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAPA Outcome: 1.3: Describe applications of psychologyAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: ApplyDifficulty Level: ModerateGradable: automaticPage: 88Learning Objective: Discuss major changes in the body through the life span.Topic: InfancyTopic: Patterns of Growth7. Sammi was born three days ago and has lost 3 percent of her body weight. Should her parents be concerned?A. Maybe. Sammi’s parents should begin supplementing breastfeeding with baby formula and weigh her twice a day to ensure no more weight is lost.B. No. Babies normally lose between 5 and 7 percent of their body weight within the first few days after birth.C. No. Babies normally lose between 9 and 12 percent of their body weight within the first few days after birth.D. Yes. Sammi’s parents should consult her pediatrician immediately.APA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAPA Outcome: 1.3: Describe applications of psychologyAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: ApplyDifficulty Level: ModerateGradable: automaticPage: 89Learning Objective: Discuss major changes in the body through the life span.Topic: InfancyTopic: Weight8. Average North American babies double their birth weight by what age?A. 1 monthB. 4 monthsC. 8 monthsD. 10 monthsAPA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: RememberDifficulty Level: BasicGradable: automaticPage: 89Learning Objective: Discuss major changes in the body through the life span.Topic: InfancyTopic: Weight9. Marcia’s baby boy weighed 8 pounds at birth. If he grows at an average rate for an American baby, what should he weigh by 4 months of age?A. 10 poundsB. 12 poundsC. 16 poundsD. 24 poundsAPA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAPA Outcome: 1.3: Describe applications of psychologyAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: ApplyDifficulty Level: ModerateGradable: automaticPage: 89Learning Objective: Discuss major changes in the body through the life span.Topic: InfancyTopic: Weight10. During the second year of life, a child’s growth rateA. slows considerably.B. remains the same as the growth rate in the first year of life.C. accelerates considerably.D. accelerates for physical characteristics and slows for mental processes.APA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: RememberDifficulty Level: BasicGradable: automaticPage: 89Learning Objective: Discuss major changes in the body through the life span.Topic: InfancyTopic: Weight11. Beginning in early childhood, girls have more __________ tissue than boys, and boys have more __________ tissue than girls.A. muscle; fattyB. brain; organC. fatty; muscleD. organ; brainAPA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: RememberDifficulty Level: ModerateGradable: automaticPage: 89Learning Objective: Discuss major changes in the body through the life span.Topic: Early ChildhoodTopic: Weight12. During the early childhood years, girls are generally __________ than boys.A. much largerB. slightly largerC. slightly smallerD. much smallerAPA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: RememberDifficulty Level: BasicGradable: automaticPage: 89Learning Objective: Discuss major changes in the body through the life span.Topic: Early ChildhoodTopic: Weight13. Leon is unusually short compared with his peers. It could be becauseA. of congenital or prenatal problems.B. he suffers from a certain growth hormone deficiency.C. his mother smoked while pregnant.D. All answer choices are correct.APA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: ApplyDifficulty Level: ModerateGradable: automaticPage: 90Learning Objective: Discuss major changes in the body through the life span.Topic: Early ChildhoodTopic: Height14. Physical growth in middle and late childhood occursA. at approximately the same rate as in adolescenc
e.B. more slowly than in early childhood and more quickly than in adolescence.
C. in a slow, consistent manner.D. in three rapid spurts.APA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: RememberDifficulty Level: BasicGradable: automaticPage: 90Learning Objective: Discuss major changes in the body through the life span.Topic: HeightTopic: Middle and Late Childhood15. Which of the following changes are most pronounced in middle and late childhood?A. changes in proportionsB. changes in heightC. changes in weightD. changes in brain sizeAPA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: RememberDifficulty Level: BasicGradable: automaticPage: 90Learning Objective: Discuss major changes in the body through the life span.Topic: HeightTopic: Middle and Late Childhood16. The brain-neuroendocrine process that stimulates the rapid physical changes of early adolescence is known asA. spermarche.B. gonadarche.C. menarche.D. puberty.APA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: RememberDifficulty Level: BasicGradable: automaticPage: 90Learning Objective: Discuss major changes in the body through the life span.Topic: AdolescenceTopic: Puberty17. During early adolescence, girls are generally __________ than boys.A. heavierB. shorterC. smarterD. strongerAPA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: RememberDifficulty Level: BasicGradable: automaticPage: 90Learning Objective: Discuss major changes in the body through the life span.Topic: AdolescenceTopic: Puberty18. Girls’ first menstruation is calledA. estradiol.B. menarche.C. puberty.D. monarchy.APA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: RememberDifficulty Level: BasicGradable: automaticPage: 90Learning Objective: Discuss major changes in the body through the life span.Topic: AdolescenceTopic: Puberty19. Which of the following statements about growth spurts during puberty is true?A. They occur approximately two years earlier for girls than for boys.B. They occur approximately two years earlier for boys than for girls.C. Girls have a greater average height increase during peak puberty than do boys.D. They occur at approximately the same time for boys and girls.APA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: ApplyDifficulty Level: ModerateGradable: automaticPage: 90Learning Objective: Discuss major changes in the body through the life span.Topic: Puberty20. Menarche occurs during what part of puberty?A. just before pubertyB. early stage of pubertyC. middle of pubertyD. rather late during pubertyAPA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: RememberDifficulty Level: BasicGradable: automaticPage: 90Learning Objective: Discuss major changes in the body through the life span.Topic: AdolescenceTopic: Puberty21. Which part of the body controls growth and regulates other glands?A. hypothalamusB. thyroid glandC. pituitary glandD. gonadAPA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: RememberDifficulty Level: BasicGradable: automaticPage: 91Learning Objective: Discuss major changes in the body through the life span.Topic: Hormonal Changes22. Which part of the body is involved with eating and sexual behavior?A. pituitary glandB. thyroid glandC. adrenal glandD. hypothalamusAPA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: RememberDifficulty Level: BasicGradable: automaticPage: 91Learning Objective: Discuss major changes in the body through the life span.Topic: Hormonal Changes23. The class of hormones that stimulate the testes and the ovaries is known asA. estradiols.B. androgens.C. cortisols.D. gonadotropins.APA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: RememberDifficulty Level: BasicGradable: automaticPage: 91Learning Objective: Discuss major changes in the body through the life span.Topic: Hormonal Changes24. The chemical substances secreted by the endocrine glands that are carried by the bloodstream are known asA. hormones.B. neurotransmitters.C. gonads.D. gonadotropins.APA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: RememberDifficulty Level: BasicGradable: automaticPage: 91Learning Objective: Discuss major changes in the body through the life span.Topic: Hormonal Changes25. __________ is a hormone associated in boys with the development of genitals, increases in height, and change of voice.A. TestosteroneB. EstradiolC. EstrogenD. CortisolAPA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: RememberDifficulty Level: BasicGradable: automaticPage: 91Learning Objective: Discuss major changes in the body through the life span.Topic: AdolescenceTopic: Hormonal Changes26. __________ is a hormone associated in girls with breast, uterine, and skeletal development.A. AndrogenB. CortisolC. TestosteroneD. EstradiolAPA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: RememberDifficulty Level: BasicGradable: automaticPage: 91Learning Objective: Discuss major changes in the body through the life span.Topic: Hormonal Changes27. Thirteen-year-old Melissa’s blood tests indicate testosterone levels twice as high as last year and estradiol levels eight times higher than last year. Melissa is most likely experiencingA. normal changes as a result of having entered puberty.B. difficulties due to significant imbalances in hormonal levels.C. abnormal development due to the presence of male hormones in the body.D. abnormal development due to the excessive increase of female hormones.APA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAPA Outcome: 1.3: Describe applications of psychologyAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: ApplyDifficulty Level: ModerateGradable: automaticPage: 92Learning Objective: Discuss major changes in the body through the life span.Topic: AdolescenceTopic: Hormonal Changes28. Which of the following factors affects puberty’s timing and makeup?A. nutritionB. healthC. eating patterns and stressD. All answer choic
es are correct.
APA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: RememberDifficulty Level: BasicGradable: automaticPage: 92Learning Objective: Discuss major changes in the body through the life span.Topic: Timing and Variations in Puberty29. Which of the following is true regarding puberty for girls and boys?A. The peak rate of pubertal change occurs at the age of 12 for both boys and girls.B. In the United States, children mature up to two years later than children in European countries.C. Both male and female adolescents are preoccupied with their bodies.D. Testosterone is present in boys only, and estradiol is present in girls only.APA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: RememberDifficulty Level: BasicGradable: automaticPage: 92Learning Objective: Discuss major changes in the body through the life span.Topic: AdolescenceTopic: Body Image30. Samantha lives in the United States and was 14½ years old when she experienced menarche. Samantha isA. within the normal age range for menarche.B. slightly younger than average for menarche in Europe.C. entering puberty outside of the lower end of the normal range.D. entering puberty outside of the upper end of the normal range.APA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAPA Outcome: 1.3: Describe applications of psychologyAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: ApplyDifficulty Level: ModerateGradable: automaticPage: 92Learning Objective: Discuss major changes in the body through the life span.Topic: AdolescenceTopic: Timing and Variations in Puberty31. The age at which puberty arrives dropped quickly throughout the twentieth century. What is the likely cause for this change?A. greenhouse effects on climateB. radiation from electric appliancesC. less manual labor required of adolescentsD. improved health and nutritionAPA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: RememberDifficulty Level: BasicGradable: automaticPage: 92Learning Objective: Discuss major changes in the body through the life span.Topic: Timing and Variations in Puberty32. Joe is a late-maturing boy. Considering only this factor, how will his self-identity in his thirties likely compare to the self-identity of his early-maturing peers (based on longitudinal research into the effects of early and late puberty)?A. more negativeB. more positiveC. about the sameD. There has not been any research in this area.APA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAPA Outcome: 1.3: Describe applications of psychologyAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: ApplyDifficulty Level: ModerateGradable: automaticPage: 93Learning Objective: Discuss major changes in the body through the life span.Topic: Early and Late Maturation33. James is going through puberty quite early. Research indicates that James is likely toA. be rejected by his peers.B. be highly successful in his later career.C. have a more positive self-image than his late-maturing peers during his freshman year of high school.D. have a more negative self-image than his late-maturing peers during his freshman year of high school.APA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAPA Outcome: 1.3: Describe applications of psychologyAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: ApplyDifficulty Level: ModerateGradable: automaticPage: 93Learning Objective: Discuss major changes in the body through the life span.Topic: Early and Late Maturation34. Andrea is an early-maturing adolescent. Compared to her late-maturing peers, she is more likely toA. have a positive high school experience.B. struggle to find friends.C. physically or verbally abuse others.D. be depressed.APA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAPA Outcome: 1.3: Describe applications of psychologyAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: ApplyDifficulty Level: ModerateGradable: automaticPage: 93Learning Objective: Discuss major changes in the body through the life span.Topic: Early and Late Maturation35. Thirteen-year-old Jodi smokes and has a 16-year-old boyfriend. Of the following, which is likely to have influenced Jodi’s behavior?A. lack of social skillsB. early maturationC. defective gonadsD. late maturationAPA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAPA Outcome: 1.3: Describe applications of psychologyAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: ApplyDifficulty Level: ModerateGradable: automaticPage: 93Learning Objective: Discuss major changes in the body through the life span.Topic: Early and Late Maturation36. Early maturation in girls is linked to which of the following?A. reckless drivingB. low academic achievementC. overdependence on parentsD. problem behaviors such as smoking, drinking, and having an eating disorderAPA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: RememberDifficulty Level: BasicGradable: automaticPage: 93Learning Objective: Discuss major changes in the body through the life span.Topic: Early and Late Maturation37. Janice is 75. If within the average range of height loss compared to her 25-year-old self, she may lose as much asA. one-quarter of an inch.B. one-half of an inch.C. an inch.D. two inches.APA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAPA Outcome: 1.3: Describe applications of psychologyAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: ApplyDifficulty Level: ModerateGradable: automaticPage: 94Learning Objective: Discuss major changes in the body through the life span.Topic: Middle AdulthoodTopic: Physical Appearance38. Body fat accounts for __________ percent of body weight in adolescence and __________ percent or more in middle adulthood.A. 5; 15B. 10; 20C. 15; 25D. 20; 25APA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: RememberDifficulty Level: ModerateGradable: automaticPage: 94Learning Objective: Discuss major changes in the body through the life span.Topic: Middle AdulthoodTopic: Physical Appearance39. Bill is just beginning to sense that he has less strength, especially in his back and legs. That he is experiencing age-related loss of lean muscle mass and strength tells us he is most likely in hisA. twenties.B. thirties.C. forties.D. fifties.APA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: RememberDifficulty Level: DifficultGradable: automaticPage: 95Learning Objective: Discuss major changes in the body through the life span.Topic: Middle AdulthoodTopic: Strength, Joints, and Bones40. Age-related loss of muscle mass and strength is calledA. monarchy.B. sarcopenia.C. gonadotropins.D. cli
macteric.
APA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: RememberDifficulty Level: BasicGradable: automaticPage: 95Learning Objective: Discuss major changes in the body through the life span.Topic: Middle AdulthoodTopic: Strength, Joints, and Bones41. By what age does maximum bone density occur?A. early twentiesB. mid-twentiesC. early thirtiesD. mid- to late-thirtiesAPA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: RememberDifficulty Level: BasicGradable: automaticPage: 95Learning Objective: Discuss major changes in the body through the life span.Topic: Middle AdulthoodTopic: Strength, Joints, and Bones42. Mac is 63 years old. Which of the following statements is true?A. Mac’s blood cholesterol is increasing and deposits are accumulating on artery walls.B. Proteins in Mac’s lung tissue are becoming more elastic.C. Mac’s artery walls are thinning.D. Mac’s blood pressure will remain about the same as it was in his forties.APA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAPA Outcome: 1.3: Describe applications of psychologyAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: ApplyDifficulty Level: ModerateGradable: automaticPage: 95Learning Objective: Discuss major changes in the body through the life span.Topic: Cardiovascular SystemTopic: Middle Adulthood43. At 45 years old, Susan is having difficulty trying to conceive a child. This is referred to by the termA. gonadotropins.B. menopause.C. menarche.D. climacteric.APA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAPA Outcome: 1.3: Describe applications of psychologyAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: ApplyDifficulty Level: ModerateGradable: automaticPage: 96Learning Objective: Discuss major changes in the body through the life span.Topic: Middle AdulthoodTopic: Sexuality44. Just as __________ has been coming earlier, __________ has been coming later.A. menopause; menarcheB. menarche; pubertyC. puberty; menarcheD. puberty; menopauseAPA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: RememberDifficulty Level: BasicGradable: automaticPage: 96Learning Objective: Discuss major changes in the body through the life span.Topic: Sexuality45. At 51, Beverly is experiencing nausea, fatigue, and rapid heartbeat. A blood test reveals very low levels of estrogen. Beverly is most likely experiencing symptoms ofA. menopause.B. menarche.C. climacteric.D. puberty.APA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAPA Outcome: 1.3: Describe applications of psychologyAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: ApplyDifficulty Level: ModerateGradable: automaticPage: 96Learning Objective: Discuss major changes in the body through the life span.Topic: Middle AdulthoodTopic: Sexuality46. What explanation best accounts for why those older than 60 lose weight?A. They eat smaller meals.B. Their metabolism speeds up.C. They exercise more regularly.D. They experience muscle loss.APA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: UnderstandDifficulty Level: BasicGradable: automaticPage: 96Learning Objective: Discuss major changes in the body through the life span.Topic: Late AdulthoodTopic: Physical Appearance47. Hypertension and stroke are signs of which of the following in older adults?A. changes in the circulatory systemB. changes in the digestive systemC. changes in the neural systemD. changes in the musculoskeletal systemAPA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: RememberDifficulty Level: BasicGradable: automaticPage: 96-97Learning Objective: Discuss major changes in the body through the life span.Topic: Circulatory SystemTopic: Late Adulthood48. Which structure is responsible for about 80 percent of the brain’s volume and is critical to perception, thinking, and language?A. hippocampusB. left hemisphereC. forebrainD. cerebral cortexAPA Outcome: 1.1: Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychologyAPA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: RememberDifficulty Level: BasicGradable: automaticPage: 98Learning Objective: Describe how the brain changes through the life span.Topic: Brain Structure and Function49. Which brain lobe is responsible for voluntary movement, thinking, personality, and intentionality or purpose?A. temporalB. parietalC. occipitalD. frontalAPA Outcome: 1.1: Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychologyAPA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: RememberDifficulty Level: BasicGradable: automaticPage: 98Learning Objective: Describe how the brain changes through the life span.Topic: Brain Structure and Function50. Which brain lobe is responsible for vision?A. parietalB. temporalC. occipitalD. frontalAPA Outcome: 1.1: Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychologyAPA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: RememberDifficulty Level: BasicGradable: automaticPage: 98Learning Objective: Describe how the brain changes through the life span.Topic: Brain Structure and Function51. Which brain lobe is responsible for hearing, language processing, and memory?A. parietalB. temporalC. occipitalD. frontalAPA Outcome: 1.1: Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychologyAPA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: RememberDifficulty Level: BasicGradable: automaticPage: 99Learning Objective: Describe how the brain changes through the life span.Topic: Brain Structure and Function52. Which brain lobe is responsible for registering spatial location, attention, and motor control?A. parietalB. frontalC. temporalD. occipitalAPA Outcome: 1.1: Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychologyAPA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: RememberDifficulty Level: BasicGradable: automaticPage: 99Learning Objective: Describe how the brain changes through the life span.Topic: Brain Structure and Function53. The hippocampus lies deeper in the brain, beneath the cortex, and plays an important role in which of the following?A. critical and creative thinkingB. fine motor skillsC. attention and impulse controlD. memory and emotionAPA Outcome: 1.1: Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in
psychologyAPA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: RememberDifficulty Level: BasicGradable: automaticPage: 99Learning Objective: Describe how the brain changes through the life span.Topic: Brain Structure and Function
54. What is the layer of fat cells that helps electrical impulses travel faster along the axon of a neuron?A. dendriteB. myelin sheathC. synapseD. cerebral cortexAPA Outcome: 1.1: Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychologyAPA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: RememberDifficulty Level: BasicGradable: automaticPage: 99Learning Objective: Describe how the brain changes through the life span.Topic: Neurons55. Which of the following is a core component of the neuroconstructivist view of brain development?A. The brain is context dependent.B. Experience has little impact on gene expression in brain development.C. Environmental processes influence brain development far more than biological processes.D. The brain has limited plasticity.APA Outcome: 1.1: Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychologyAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: UnderstandDifficulty Level: ModerateGradable: automaticPage: 98Learning Objective: Describe how the brain changes through the life span.Topic: Brain Development56. Communication in the synapses occurs through the release of chemical substances known asA. neurons.B. axons.C. dendrites.D. neurotransmitters.APA Outcome: 1.1: Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychologyAPA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: RememberDifficulty Level: BasicGradable: automaticPage: 99Learning Objective: Describe how the brain changes through the life span.Topic: Neurons57. Specialization of functions in one hemisphere of the cerebral cortex is calledA. plasticity.B. neuroconstructivism.C. myelination.D. lateralization.APA Outcome: 1.1: Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychologyAPA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: RememberDifficulty Level: BasicGradable: automaticPage: 99Learning Objective: Describe how the brain changes through the life span.Topic: Neurons58. Which of the following functions occur(s) primarily in the left hemisphere of the brain?A. speech and grammarB. performing musicC. humor and the use of metaphorsD. reading and complex thinkingAPA Outcome: 1.1: Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychologyAPA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: RememberDifficulty Level: BasicGradable: automaticPage: 99Learning Objective: Describe how the brain changes through the life span.Topic: Neurons59. Which of the following functions occur(s) primarily in the right hemisphere of the brain?A. speech and grammarB. reading and complex thinkingC. performing musicD. humor and the use of metaphorsAPA Outcome: 1.1: Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychologyAPA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: RememberDifficulty Level: BasicGradable: automaticPage: 99Learning Objective: Describe how the brain changes through the life span.Topic: Neurons60. Which of the following statements about brain lateralization is NOT true?A. Complex functions like performing music involve both hemispheres.B. People who are logical thinkers are left-brained, and creative thinkers are right-brained.C. The right and left hemispheres of the brain handle different types of information.D. Complex thinking requires communication between both hemispheres.APA Outcome: 1.1: Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychologyAPA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: RememberDifficulty Level: BasicGradable: automaticPage: 99Learning Objective: Describe how the brain changes through the life span.Topic: Neurons61. Research shows that living in a deprived environmentA. promotes greater brain development.B. does not significantly affect brain development.C. depresses brain activity.D. results in defective brain development that is not reversible regardless of future experiences in better conditions.APA Outcome: 1.1: Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychologyAPA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: RememberDifficulty Level: BasicGradable: automaticPage: 102Learning Objective: Describe how the brain changes through the life span.Topic: Early Experience and the Brain62. Anya is growing up in an orphanage and receives very little emotional, mental, or physical stimulation and nurturing. Anya’s brain development will likely beA. greater than that of her biological parents.B. depressed compared to peers raised in enriched environments.C. greater than peers raised in enriched environments.D. the same as peers raised in enriched environments.APA Outcome: 1.1: Describe key concepts, principles, and overarching themes in psychologyAPA Outcome: 1.3: Describe applications of psychologyAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: ApplyDifficulty Level: ModerateGradable: automaticPage: 102Learning Objective: Describe how the brain changes through the life span.Topic: Early ChildhoodTopic: Early Experience and the Brain63. Michael Rehbein had the left hemisphere of his brain removed in order to stop seizures. After much therapy, the right side of his brain began to reorganize and take over left hemisphere functions. This example supports neuroscientists’ belief that what “wires” the brain isA. repeated experience.B. lateralization.C. not affected by seizures.D. housed in the right hemisphere.APA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAPA Outcome: 1.3: Describe applications of psychologyAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: ApplyDifficulty Level: ModerateGradable: automaticPage: 103Learning Objective: Describe how the brain changes through the life span.Topic: Early Experience and the Brain64. A newborn’s brain is __________ percent of its adult weight and grows to __________ percent of its adult weight by 2 years of age.A. 10; 20B. 15; 25C. 25; 50D. 25; 75APA Outcome: 1.2: Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domainsAccessibility: Keyboard NavigationBloom’s Taxonomy: RememberDifficulty Level: BasicGradable: automaticPage: 101Learning Objective: Describe how the brain changes through the life span.Topic: Brain DevelopmentTopic: Infancy65. What is meant by the “blooming and pruning” analogy of brain development?A. Early brain function is not specialized by location (blooming)
. Lateralization (pruning) occurs around 2 years of age.B. Areas of the brain mature gradually and uniformly during the first half of life (blooming) and decline in the same manner during the second half of life (pruning).C. Myelination produces the brain’s bumpy surface (blooming). Brain activity and learning smoothes this surface (pruning).
D. The brain

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