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Test Bank Essentials of Nursing Research Appraising Evidence for Nursing Practice 8th Edition, Denise F

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Test Bank Essentials of Nursing Research Appraising Evidence for Nursing Practice 8th Edition, Denise F. Polit, Cheryl Tatano Beck Test Bank Chapter 11: Applying Qualitative Findings to Nursing Practice Test Bank MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. Which of the following is an attribute of a good qualitative study? a. Low validity b. High-reliability c. Provision of thick description d. Testable hypotheses ANS: C 2. Which of the following is NOT a common use of qualitative findings in nursing practice? a. To generate new ideas and hypotheses b. To understand and explain complex phenomena c. To support or refute quantitative findings d. For political or social advocacy ANS: B 3. What is the first step in applying qualitative findings to nursing practice? a. Determining whether the research is credible b. Identifying the study’s strengths and limitations c. Translating findings into practice guidelines d. determining how the findings can be used in practice ANS: B 4. Which of the following is an effective way to use qualitative findings in nursing practice? a. Presenting study findings in scientific journals b. Describing research results at staff meetings c. Writing articles for nursing newsletters d. All of the

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Test Bank Essentials of Nursing Research Appraising Evidence for Nursing Practice 8th Edition, Denise F

1. Multiple Choice: A research nurse understands that evidenced-based practice in nursing does which of the following?: A research nurse understands that evi…
Points: 1
Question Answer

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Does a research nurse understand that evidence-based practice in nursing does which of the following? A.

Relies on tradition B.

Consults recognized authorities C.

Depends primarily on textbooks D.

Is based on the latest research
EBP prioritizes research findings, which are found primarily in primary sources, such as journals, rather than in secondary sources, such as textbooks. It is not dependent on tradition or authority.

EBP prioritizes research findings, which are found primarily in primary sources, such as journals, rather than in secondary sources, such as textbooks. It is not dependent on tradition or authority.
2. Multiple Choice: A researcher wants to explore the process by which men make decisions about treatment for prostate c: A researcher wants to explore the pro…
Points: 1
Question Answer

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A researcher wants to explore the process by which men make decisions about treatment for prostate cancer. The researcher’s paradigm is most likely which of the following?

A.

Positivism B.

Determinism C.

Empiricism D.

Constructivism
As this study involves gathering subjective, non-measurable data, the researcher’s paradigm is most likely constructivism. Positivism is not likely, as there is no emphasis on an objective, orderly reality. Determinism, which refers to the belief that phenomena result from prior causes and are not haphazard, is not pertinent here. Although the research will involve empiricism, or gathering information using the senses, this is not the primary paradigm.

As this study involves gathering subjective, non-measurable data, the researcher’s paradigm is most likely constructivism. Positivism is not likely, as there is no emphasis on an objective, orderly reality. Determinism, which refers to the belief that phenomena result from prior causes and are not haphazard, is not pertinent here. Although the research will involve empiricism, or gathering information using the senses, this is not the primary paradigm.
3. Multiple Choice: A researcher wants to investigate the effect of patients’ body position on blood pressure. The study: A researcher wants to investigate the…
Points: 1
Question Answer
A researcher wants to investigate the effect of patients’ body position on blood pressure. The study would most likely be of which type?

A.

Qualitative B.

Quantitative C.
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Either quantitative or qualitative (researcher preference) D.

Insufficient information to determine

Because this study would involve a measurable, numeric outcome—blood pressure—it should most likely be a quantitative study.

Because this study would involve a measurable, numeric outcome—blood pressure—it should most likely be a quantitative study.
4. Multiple Choice: An especially important goal for the nursing profession is to do which of the following?: An especially important goal for the …
Points: 1
Question Answer

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An especially important goal for the nursing profession is to do which of the following? A.

Conduct research to better understand the context of nursing practice B.

Establish a solid base of evidence for practice through disciplined research C.

Document the role nursing serves in society D.

Establish research priorities
Nurses are increasingly expected to understand and undertake research and to base their practice on evidence from research. Evidence-based practice is the use of the best evidence in making patient care decisions and typically comes from research conducted by nurses and other healthcare professionals. All of the other answers are possible goals for the nursing profession, but none is as important as establishing evidence for practice.

Nurses are increasingly expected to understand and undertake research and to base their practice on evidence from research. Evidence-based practice is the use of the best evidence in making patient care decisions and typically comes from research conducted by nurses and other healthcare professionals. All of the other answers are possible goals for the nursing profession, but none is as important as establishing evidence for practice.
5. Multiple Choice: Constructivist qualitative research typically does one of the following?: Constructivist qualitative research t…
Question Answer

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Does constructivist qualitative research typically do one of the following? A.

Involves deductive processes B.

Attempts to control the research context to better understand the phenomenon being studied C.

Involves gathering narrative, subjective materials D.

Focuses on numeric information

In the constructivist paradigm, it is assumed that reality is not a fixed entity but is rather a construction of human minds—and thus “truth” is a composite of multiple constructions of reality. In the positivist paradigm, it is assumed that there is an objective reality and that natural phenomena are regular and orderly. Constructivist researchers emphasize understanding human experience as it is lived through the collection and analysis of subjective, narrative materials using flexible procedures; this paradigm is associated with qualitative research. The other answers are truer of positivist, quantitative research.

In the constructivist paradigm, it is assumed that reality is not a fixed entity but is rather a construction of human minds—and thus “truth” is a composite of multiple constructions of reality. In the positivist paradigm, it is assumed that there is an objective reality and that natural phenomena are regular and orderly. Constructivist researchers emphasize understanding human experience as it is lived through the collection and analysis of subjective, narrative materials using flexible procedures; this paradigm is associated with qualitative research. The other answers are truer of positivist, quantitative research.
Points: 1
6. Multiple Choice: Consumers of research do which of the following?: Consumers of research do which of the…
Points: 1
Question Answer
Consumers of research do which of the following? A.

Design studies B.

Undertake studies C.

Produce research D.
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Read research

In the current EBP environment, every nurse is likely to engage in one or more activities along a continuum of research participation. At one end of the continuum are users (consumers) of nursing research—nurses who read research reports to keep up-to-date on findings that may affect their practice. EBP depends on well-informed nursing research consumers. At the other end of the continuum are the producers of nursing research: nurses who actively design and undertake studies.

In the current EBP environment, every nurse is likely to engage in one or more activities along a continuum of research participation. At one end of the continuum are users (consumers) of nursing research—nurses who read research reports to keep up-to-date on findings that may affect their practice. EBP depends on well-informed nursing research consumers. At the other end of the continuum are the producers of nursing research: nurses who actively design and undertake studies.
7. Multiple Choice: Empiricism refers to one of the following?: Empiricism refers to which of the fol…
Points: 1
Question Answer

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Does empiricism refer to one of the following? A.

Making generalizations from specific observations B.

Articulating a study purpose in terms of an appropriate classification system C.

Gathering evidence about real-world phenomena through the senses D.

Verifying the assumptions on which the study was based
Empiricism is gathering and analyzing evidence through the senses. Quantitative research involves the collection and analysis of numeric information. Quantitative research is typically conducted within the traditional scientific method, which is systematic and controlled. Quantitative researchers base their findings on empirical evidence and strive for generalizability beyond a single setting or situation. Constructivist researchers emphasize understanding human experience as it is lived through the collection and analysis of subjective, narrative materials using flexible procedures; this paradigm is associated with qualitative research.

Empiricism is gathering and analyzing evidence through the senses. Quantitative research involves the collection and analysis of numeric information. Quantitative research is typically conducted within the traditional scientific method, which is systematic and controlled. Quantitative researchers base their findings on empirical evidence and strive for generalizability beyond a single setting or situation. Constructivist researchers emphasize understanding human experience as it is lived through the collection and analysis of subjective, narrative materials using flexible procedures; this paradigm is associated with qualitative research.
8. Multiple Choice: Evidenced-based nursing primarily uses which of the following to answer clinical questions?: Evidenced-based nursing primarily use…
Points: 1
Question Answer

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Evidenced-based nursing primarily uses one of the following to answer clinical questions? A.

Consulting an authority B.

Using intuition C.

Obtaining the newest research D.

Relying on experience

Nurses are increasingly expected to understand and undertake research, and to base their practice on evidence from research—that is, to adopt an evidence-based practice (EBP). EBP, broadly defined, is the use of the best evidence in making patient care decisions. Experience, intuition, and authority are not wholly ignored in the EBP process, but research is a priority.

Nurses are increasingly expected to understand and undertake research, and to base their practice on evidence from research—that is, to adopt an evidence-based practice (EBP). EBP, broadly defined, is the use of the best evidence in making patient care decisions. Experience, intuition, and authority are not wholly ignored in the EBP process, but research is a priority.
9. Multiple Answer: Non-research-based evidence includes of the following? Select all that apply.: Non-research-based evidence includes …
Points: 1
Question Answer
Non-research-based evidence includes of the following? Select all that apply.

A.
Unit culture
B.
Nurse’s experience C.
Qualitative studies

D.
Trial and error
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Correct Feedback Clinical reports, experiences and beliefs are non-research-based sources of evidence, which are considered to be comparatively weak. Qualitative studies are research-based.

Incorrect Feedback Clinical reports, experiences and beliefs are non-research-based sources of evidence, which are considered to be comparatively weak. Qualitative studies are research-based.
10. Multiple Answer: Nursing has experienced constant change over the past decades as a result of increased research. Whe: Nursing has experienced constant chan…
Points: 1
Question Answer

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Nursing has experienced constant change over the past decades as a result of increased research. When determining best practices, nursing decisions should do which of the following? Select all that apply.

A.

Be based on tradition

B.

Include holistic approaches

C.

Be clinically appropriate

D.
Be cost-effective

Nurse leaders recognize the need to base specific nursing decisions on evidence indicating that the decisions are clinically appropriate, cost-effective, and result in positive client outcomes. Holistic treatments may be appropriate in some, but not all, circumstances. Tradition alone is an inadequate basis for practice.

Nurse leaders recognize the need to base specific nursing decisions on evidence indicating that the decisions are clinically appropriate, cost-effective, and result in positive client outcomes. Holistic treatments may be appropriate in some, but not all, circumstances. Tradition alone is an inadequate basis for practice.

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