Solution Manual for Accounting Principles, Volume 2, 7th Canadian Edition by Weygandt

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ISBN-13: 978-1119048473 ISBN-10: 1119048478

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Solution Manual for Accounting Principles, Volume 2, 7th Canadian Edition by Weygandt

CHAPTER 11 Financial Reporting Concepts

ASSIGNMENT CLASSIFICATION TABLE

Learning Objectives

Questions

Brief Exercises

Exercises

Problems

Set A

Problems

Set B

  1. Explain the importance of having a conceptual framework of accounting, and list the key components.

1 

1

9

1

1

  1. Explain the objective of financial reporting, and define the elements of the financial statements.

2, 3, 4, 20 

2

1, 10

1, 2, 4, 7

1, 2, 4, 7

  1. Apply the fundamental and enhancing qualitative characteristics of the conceptual framework to financial reporting.

5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 21 

3

2, 3, 

1, 2, 7

1, 2, 7

  1. Apply the recognition and measurement criteria of the conceptual framework to financial reporting situations.

11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 

4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11

4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 11, 12

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

  1. Apply the foundational concepts, assumptions and constraints of the conceptual framework to financial reporting situations.

20, 21, 22, 23, 24

11, 12, 13, 14

6, 9, 10, 11, 12

1, 7, 8

1, 7, 8

ASSIGNMENT CHARACTERISTICS TABLE 

Problem Number

Description

Difficulty Level

Time

Allotted (min.)

1A

Identify violations of the components of the conceptual framework.

Complex

45-50

2A

Identify objective of financial reporting, identifying elements, and revenue and expense recognition – earnings approach. 

Moderate

35-40

3A

Identify contract components and prepare journal entries– revenue recognition contract based approach, multiple performance obligations.

Moderate

20-25

4A

Identify elements of the financial statements – contract-based approach revenue transactions. 

Moderate

15-20

5A

Identify revenue recognition criteria and prepare journal entries–earnings approach.

Moderate

20-25

6A

Identify contract components and prepare journal entries – revenue recognition contract-based approach, right of return.

Moderate

25-30

7A

Identify concept or assumption violated and prepare entries.

Moderate

30-35

8A

Explain assumptions and concepts – going concern, full disclosure.

Moderate

15-20

1B

Identify violations of the components of the conceptual framework.

Complex

45-50

2B

Identify objective of financial reporting, identifying elements, and revenue and expense recognition. 

Moderate

35-40

3B

Identify contract components and prepare journal entries– revenue recognition contract based approach, multiple performance obligations.

Moderate

20-25

4B

Identify elements of the financial statements – contract-based approach revenue transactions.

Moderate

15-20

5B

Identify revenue recognition criteria and prepare journal entries–earnings approach.

Moderate

20-25

6B

Identify contract components and prepare journal entries – revenue recognition contract-based approach, right of return.

Moderate

25-30

7B

Identify elements, assumptions, constraints and measurement criteria.

Moderate

30-35

8B

Comment on application of accounting assumptions and concepts.

Moderate

15-20

BLOOM’S TAXONOMY TABLE

Correlation Chart between Bloom’s Taxonomy, Learning Objectives and End-of-Chapter Material.

Learning Objectives

Knowledge

Comprehension

Application

Analysis

Synthesis

Evaluation

  1. Explain the importance of having a conceptual framework of accounting, and list the key components.

BE11-1

Q11-1

E11-9

P11-1A

P11-1B

  1. Explain the objective of financial reporting, and define the elements of the financial statements.

Q11-2

Q11-4

BE11-2

Q11-3

Q11-11

Q11-20

E11-1

E11-2

E11-4 

E11-5 

E11-10

P11-1A

P11-2A

P11-4A

P11-1B

P11-2B

P11-4B

P11-7A

P11-7B

  1. Apply the fundamental and enhancing qualitative characteristics of the conceptual framework to financial reporting.

Q11-5

Q11-7

Q11-10

BE11-3

Q11-6

Q11-8

Q11-9

Q11-11

Q11-21

E11-2

E11-4 

E11-3

P11-1A

P11-2A

P11-1B

P11-2B

P11-7A

P11-7B

  1. Apply the recognition and measurement criteria of the conceptual framework to financial reporting situations.

Q11-13

Q11-14 

Q11-17

E11-5

Q11-11

Q11-12

Q11-18  

BE11-11

E11-7

E11-11

BE11-4 

BE11-5

BE11-6

BE11-7

BE11-8

BE11-9

BE11-10

E11-4

E11-8

E11-10

E11-12

P11-1A

P11-2A

P11-3A

P11-4A

P11-5A

P11-6A

P11-1B

P11-2B

P11-3B

P11-4B

P11-5B

P11-6B

Q11-15

Q11-16

Q11-19

BE11-15

BE11-16

E11-6 

P11-7A

P11-7B

  1. Apply the foundational concepts, assumptions and constraints of the conceptual framework to financial reporting situations.

Q11-20

Q11-21

Q11-22

Q11-23

Q11-24

BE11-11

BE11-12

BE11-13

BE11-14

E11-9

E11-11

E11-10

E11-12

P11-1A

P11-8A

P11-1B

P11-8B

E11-6

P11-7A

P11-7B

Broadening Your Perspective

BYP11-3

BYP11-4

BYP11-5

BYP11-1

BYP11-2

ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS

1. The conceptual framework is a coherent system of interrelated objectives and fundamentals that can lead to consistent standards and that prescribe the nature, function, and limits of financial accounting statements. It guides choices about what to present in financial statements, how to report economic events, and how to communicate such information.

2. (a) The main objective of financial reporting is to provide information that is useful for decision-making. More specifically, the conceptual framework states that the objective of general purpose financial reporting is to provide financial information that is useful to present and potential investors, lenders, and other creditors in making decisions about a business.

(b)The objective identifies the specific users to ensure that a range of possible points of view are included in fulfilling the needs of users but cannot be all things to all users.

3. (a) Stewardship refers to the responsibility of management to acquire and use company resources in the best way possible.

(b)The objective of financial reporting is to provide users with useful financial information. Users look for information in the financial statements about a company’s ability to earn a profit and generate future cash flows. Using the financial statements helps users assess stewardship.

4. Under IFRS the elements of assets, liabilities, equity, revenue, and expenses are included, as they are in ASPE. Under revenues, IFRS includes gains and under expenses, IFRS includes losses. Under ASPE, gains and losses are defined in separate categories from revenues and expenses, but have similar basic definitions to those under IFRS.  

5. The two fundamental qualitative characteristics of financial information are: relevance and faithful representation.

Accounting information has relevance if it makes a difference in a decision. Relevant information has predictive value or confirmatory value. Faithful representation shows the economic reality of events rather than just their legal form. Faithful representation is achieved if the information is complete, neutral, and free from material error. Complete information includes all information necessary to show the economic reality of the transaction.

Questions (Continued)

 

5. (Continued)

Accounting information is neutral if it is free from bias intended to attain a predetermined result or encourage a particular behaviour. Accounting estimates must also be based on the best available information and be reasonably accurate to be considered free from material error.

6. (a) The concept of materiality means that an item may be so small that failure to follow generally accepted accounting principles will not influence the decision of a reasonably careful investor or creditor. For example, the expensing of a $20 calculator would not technically be in accordance with GAAP since the calculator will probably have a useful life beyond one year. However, the cost is so insignificant that it will have no impact on users’ decisions and therefore, this GAAP deviation is not considered to be material. In addition, the cost constraint supports the expensing of the calculator. Materiality is also the criterion used in deciding whether or not an element deserves to be disclosed separately within the body of the financial statements or in the notes to the financial statements.

(b)In order to be relevant to a financial statement user, a transaction or amount must make a difference to the user when making a decision. If an omission or misstatement does not influence a user, it is said to be immaterial or not material. Materiality is not only a matter of size, but also has to do with the nature of the omission or misstatement (for instance, illegal acts or contingent liabilities).

7. The four enhancing qualitative characteristics of financial information are: comparability, verifiability, timeliness and understandability.

Accounting information about a company is most useful when it can be compared with accounting information about other companies. Comparability results when different companies use the same accounting principles. Comparability is also easier when accounting policies are used consistently by a business from one accounting period to the next. Information is verifiable if two knowledgeable and independent people would agree that it faithfully represents the economic reality. The usefulness of accounting information is enhanced when it is provided on a timely basis, when it is still highly useful for decision-making. Information in financial statements must be capable of being understood by users. Understandability is enhanced by classified, clear, and concise presentation. It is assumed that the average user has a reasonable understanding of accounting concepts and procedures, and general business and economic conditions.

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