Solution Manual Advanced Accounting 4th Edition Solution by Jeter

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Solution Manual Advanced Accounting 4th Edition Solution by Jeter

CHAPTER 2

Note: The letter A indicated for a question, exercise, or problem means that the question, exercise, or problem relates to a chapter appendix.

ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS

  1. At the acquisition date, the information available (and through the end of the measurement period) is used to estimate the expected total consideration at fair value. If the subsequent stock issue valuation differs from this assessment, the Exposure Draft (SFAS 1204-001) expected to replace FASB Statement No. 141R specifies that equity should not be adjusted. The reason is that the valuation was determined at the date of the exchange, and thus the impact on the firm’s equity was measured at that point based on the best information available then.
  1. Pro forma financial statements (sometimes referred to as “as if” statements) are financial statements that are prepared to show the effect of planned or contemplated transactions.
  1. For purposes of the goodwill impairment test, all goodwill must be assigned to a reporting unit. Goodwill impairment for each reporting unit should be tested in a two-step process. In the first step, the fair value of a reporting unit is compared to its carrying amount (goodwill included) at the date of the periodic review. The fair value of the unit may be based on quoted market prices, prices of comparable businesses, or a present value or other valuation technique. If the fair value at the review date is less than the carrying amount, then the second step is necessary. In the second step, the carrying value of the goodwill is compared to its implied fair value. (The calculation of the implied fair value of goodwill used in the impairment test is similar to the method illustrated throughout this chapter for valuing the goodwill at the date of the combination.)
  1. The expected increase was due to the elimination of goodwill amortization expense. However, the impairment loss under the new rules was potentially larger than a periodic amortization charge, and this is in fact what materialized within the first year after adoption (a large impairment loss). If there was any initial stock price impact from elimination of goodwill amortization, it was only a short-term or momentum effect. Another issue is how the stock market responds to the goodwill impairment charge. Some users claim that this charge is a non-cash charge and should be disregarded by the market. However, others argue that the charge is an admission that the price paid was too high, and might result in a stock price decline (unless the market had already adjusted for this overpayment prior to the actual writedown).

2 – 1

ANSWERS TO BUSINESS ETHICS CASE

a and b. The board has responsibility to look into anything that might suggest malfeasance or inappropriate conduct. Such incidents might suggest broader problems with integrity, honesty, and judgment. In other words, can you trust any reports from the CEO? If the CEO is not fired, does this send a message to other employees that ethical lapses are okay? Employees might feel that top executives are treated differently.

ANSWERS TO EXERCISES

Exercise 2-1

Part A

Receivables

228,000

Inventory

396,000

Plant and Equipment

540,000

Land

660,000

Goodwill ($2,154,000 – $1,824,000)

330,000

Liabilities

594,000

Cash

1,560,000

Part B

Receivables

228,000

Inventory

396,000

Plant and Equipment

540,000

Land

660,000

Liabilities

594,000

Cash

990,000

Gain on Business Combination ($1,230,000 – $990,000)

240,000

2 – 2

Exercise 2-2

Cash

$680,000

Receivables

720,000

Inventories

2,240,000

Plant and Equipment (net) ($3,840,000 + $720,000)

4,560,000

Goodwill

120,000

Total Assets

$8,320,000

Liabilities

1,520,000

Common Stock, $16 par ($3,440,000 + (.50

$800,000))

3,840,000

Other Contributed Capital ($400,000 + $800,000)

1,200,000

Retained Earnings

1,760,000

Total Equities

$8,320,000

 

Entries on Petrello Company’s books would be:

Cash

200,000

Receivables

240,000

Inventory

240,000

Plant and Equipment

720,000

Goodwill *

120,000

Liabilities

320,000

Common Stock (25,000

$16)

400,000

Other Contributed Capital ($48 – $16)   25,000

800,000

   

  • ($48   25,000) – [($1,480,000 – ($800,000 – $720,000) – $320,000]
    • $1,200,000 – [$1,480,000 – $80,000 – $320,000] = $1,200,000 – $1,080,000 = $120,000

2 – 3

Exercise 2-3

Accounts Receivable

231,000

Inventory

330,000

Land

550,000

Buildings and Equipment

1,144,000

Goodwill

848,000

Allowance for Uncollectible Accounts ($231,000 – $198,000)

33,000

Current Liabilities

275,000

Bonds Payable

450,000

Premium on Bonds Payable ($495,000 – $450,000)

45,000

Preferred Stock (15,000

$100)

1,500,000

Common Stock (30,000

$10)

300,000

Other Contributed Capital ($25 – $10)   30,000

450,000

Cash

50,000

Cost paid ($1,500,000 + $750,000 + $50,000) =

$2,300,000

  

Fair value of net assets (198,000 + 330,000 + 550,000 + 1,144,000 – 275,000 – 495,000) = 1,452,000

Goodwill =

$848,000

Exercise 2-4

Cash

96,000

Receivables

55,200

Inventory

126,000

Land

198,000

Plant and Equipment

466,800

Goodwill*

137,450

Accounts Payable

44,400

Bonds Payable

480,000

Premium on Bonds Payable**

45,050

Cash

510,000

** Present value of maturity value, 12 periods @ 4%:

0.6246

$480,000 =

$299,808

Present value of interest annuity, 12 periods @ 4%:

9.38507

$24,000 =

225,242

Total present value

525,050

Par value

480,000

Premium on bonds payable

$ 45,050

*Cash paid

$510,000

Less: Book value of net assets acquired ($897,600 – $44,400 – $480,000)

(373,200)

Excess of cash paid over book value

136,800

Increase in inventory to fair value

(15,600)

Increase in land to fair value

(28,800)

Increase in bond to fair value

45,050

Total increase in net assets to fair value

650

Goodwill

$137,450

 

2 – 4

Exercise 2-5

Current Assets

960,000

Plant and Equipment

1,440,000

Goodwill

336,000

Liabilities

216,000

Cash

2,160,000

Liability for Contingent Consideration

360,000

Exercise 2-6

The amount of the contingency is $500,000 (10,000 shares at $50 per share)

Part A   Goodwill

500,000

Paid-in-Capital for Contingent Consideration

500,000

Part B   Paid-in-Capital for Contingent Consideration

500,000

Common Stock ($10 par)

100,000

Paid-In-Capital in Excess of Par

400,000

Platz Company does not adjust the original amount recorded as equity.

Exercise 2-7

1.

(c)

Cost (8,000 shares @ $30)

$240,000

Fair value of net assets acquired

228,800

Excess of cost over fair value (goodwill)

$ 11,200

2.

(c)

Cost (8,000 shares @ $30)

$240,000

Fair value of net assets acquired ($90,000 + $242,000 – $56,000)

276,000

Excess of fair value over cost (gain)

$ 36,000

Exercise 2-8

Current Assets

362,000

Long-term Assets ($1,890,000 + $20,000) + ($98,000 + $5,000)

2,013,000

Goodwill *

395,000

Liabilities

119,000

Long-term Debt

491,000

Common Stock (144,000

$5)

720,000

Other Contributed Capital (144,000

$15 – $5))

1,440,000

   

  • (144,000 $15) – [$362,000 + $2,013,000 – ($119,000 + $491,000)] = $395,000 2 – 5

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