Porth’s Pathophysiology: Concepts of Altered Health States 10th Ed. Test Bank
Table of Contents
- Unit I- Concepts of Health and Disease
- Ch 1- Concepts of Health and Disease
Unit II- Cell Function and Growth
- Ch 2- Cell and Tissue Characteristics
- Ch 3- Cellular Adaptation, Injury, and Death
- Ch 4- Genetic Control of Cell Function and Inheritance
- Ch 5- Genetic and Congenital Disorders
- Ch 6- Neoplasia
Unit III- Disorders of Integrative Function
- Ch 7- Stress and Adaptation
- Ch 8- Disorders of Fluid and Electrolyte, and Acid Base Balance
Unit IV- Infection, Inflammation, and Immunity
- Ch 9- Inflammation, Tissue Repair, and Wound Healing
- Ch 10- Mechanisms of Infectious Disease
- Ch 11- Innate and Adaptive Immunity
- Ch 12- Disorders of the Immune Response
Unit V- Disorders of Neural Function
- Ch 13- Organization and Control of Neural Function
- Ch 14- Somatosensory Function, Pain, and Temperature
- Ch 15- Disorders of Motor Function
- Ch 16- Disorders of Brain Function
- Ch 17-Sleep and sleep disturbances
- Ch 18- Disorders of Thought, Emotion, and Memory
Unit VI- Disorders of Special Sensory Function
- Ch 19- Disorders of Visual Function
- Ch 20- Disorders of Hearing and Vestibular Function
Unit VII- Disorders of the Hematopoietic System
- Ch 21- Blood Cells and the Hematopoietic System
- Ch 22- Disorders of Hemostasis
- Ch 23- Disorders of Red Blood Cells
- Ch 24- Disorders of White Blood Cells and Lymphoid Tissues
Unit VIII- Disorders of Cardiovascular Function
- Ch 25- Structure and Function of the Cardiovascular System
- Ch 26- Disorders of Blood Flow
- Ch 27- Disorders of Cardiac Function
- Ch 28 Disorders of Cardiac Conduction and Rhythm
- Unit IX- Disorders of Respiratory Function
- Ch 29- Structure and Function of the Respiratory System
- Ch 30- Respiratory Tract Infections and Neoplasms
- Ch 31- Disorders of Ventilation and Gas Exchange
Unit X- Disorders of Renal Function
- Ch 32- Structure and Function of the Kidney
- Ch 33- Disorders of Renal Function
- Ch 34- Acute Kidney Injury and Chronic Kidney Disease
- Ch 35- Disorders of the Bladder and Lower Urinary Tract
Unit XI- Disorders of Gastrointestinal Function
- Ch 36- Structure and Function of the Gastrointestinal System
- Ch 37- Disorders of Gastrointestinal Function
- Ch 38- Disorders of Hepatobiliary and Pancreas Function
- Ch 39- Alterations in Nutritional Status
Unit XII- Disorders of Endocrine Function
- Ch 40- Mechanisms of Endocrine Control
- Ch 41-Disorders of Endocrine Control
Unit XIII- Disorders of Genitourinary and Reproductive Function
- Ch 42- Structure and Function of the Male Reproductive System
- Ch 43- Disorders of the Male Reproductive System
- Ch 44- Structure and Function of the Female Reproductive System
- Ch 45- Disorders of the Female Reproductive System
- Ch 46- Sexually Transmitted Infections
Unit XIV- Disorders of Musculoskeletal Function
- Ch 47- Structure and Function of the Musculoskeletal System
- Ch 48- Disorders of Musculoskeletal Function: Trauma, Infection, Neoplasms
- Ch 49- Disorders of Musculoskeletal Function: Developmental and Metabolism Disorders
- Ch 50- Disorders of Musculoskeletal Function: Rheumatic Disorders
Unit XV- Disorders of Integumentary Function
- Ch 51- Structure and Function of the Skin
- Ch 52- Disorders of Skin Integrity and Function
Porth’s Pathophysiology 10th Edition Norris Test Bank
1. At an international nursing conference, many discussions and breakout sessions focused
on the World Health Organization (WHO) views on health. Of the following comments
made by nurses during a discussion session, which statements would be considered a
good representation of the WHO definition? Select all that apply.
A) Interests in keeping the elderly population engaged in such activities as book
reviews and word games during social time
B) Increase in the number of chair aerobics classes provided in the skilled care
C) Interventions geared toward keeping the elderly population diagnosed with
diabetes mellitus under tight blood glucose control by providing in-home cooking
D) Providing transportation for renal dialysis patients to and from their hemodialysis
E) Providing handwashing teaching sessions to a group of young children
Ans: A, B, C, E
The WHO definition of health is defined as “a state of complete physical, mental, and
social well-being and not merely the absence of disease and infirmity.” Engaging in
book reviews facilitates mental and social well-being; chair aerobics helps facilitate
physical well-being; and assisting with tight control of diabetes helps with facilitating
physical well-being even though the person has a chronic disease. Handwashing is vital
in the prevention of disease and spread of germs.
2. A community health nurse is teaching a group of recent graduates about the large
variety of factors that influence an individual’s health or lack thereof. The nurse is
referring to the Healthy People 2020 report from the U.S. Department of Health and
Human Services as a teaching example. Of the following aspects discussed, which
would be considered a determinant of health that is outside the focus of this report?
A) The client has a diverse background by being of Asian and Native American
descent and practices various alternative therapies to minimize effects of stress.
B) The client has a family history of cardiovascular disease related to
hypercholesterolemia and remains noncompliant with the treatment regime.
C) The client has a good career with exceptional preventative health care benefits.
D) The client lives in an affluent, clean, suburban community with access to many
health care facilities.
In Healthy People 2020, the focus is to promote good health to all (such as using
alternative therapies to minimize effects of stress); achieving health equity and
promoting health for all (which includes having good health care benefits); and
promoting good health (which includes living in a clean community with good access to
health care). A client’s noncompliance with treatments to control high cholesterol levels
within the presence of a family history of CV disease does not meet the “attaining lives
free of preventable disease and premature death” determinant.
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3. A physician is providing care for a number of patients on a medical unit of a large,
university hospital. The physician is discussing with a colleague the differentiation
between diseases that are caused by abnormal molecules and diseases that cause disease.
Which of the following patients most clearly demonstrates the consequences of
molecules that cause disease?
A) A 31-year-old woman with sickle cell anemia who is receiving a transfusion of
packed red blood cells
B) A 91-year-old woman who has experienced an ischemic stroke resulting from
C) A 19-year-old man with exacerbation of his cystic fibrosis requiring oxygen
therapy and chest physiotherapy
D) A 30-year-old homeless man who has Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) and
is HIV positive.
PCP is an example of the effect of a molecule that directly contributes to disease. Sickle
cell anemia, familial hypercholesterolemia, and cystic fibrosis are all examples of the
effects of abnormal molecules.
4. A member of the health care team is researching the etiology and pathogenesis of a
number of clients who are under his care in a hospital context. Which of the following
aspects of clients’ situations bNesUtRchSaIraNctGerTizBe.s CpaOthMogenesis rather than etiology?
A) A client who has been exposed to the Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacterium
B) A client who has increasing serum ammonia levels due to liver cirrhosis
C) A client who was admitted with the effects of methyl alcohol poisoning
D) A client with multiple skeletal injuries secondary to a motor vehicle accident
Pathogenesis refers to the progressive and evolutionary course of disease, such as the
increasing ammonia levels that accompany liver disease. Bacteria, poisons, and
traumatic injuries are examples of etiologic factors.
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5. A new myocardial infarction patient requiring angioplasty and stent placement has
arrived to his first cardiac rehabilitation appointment. In this first session, a review of
the pathogenesis of coronary artery disease is addressed. Which statement by the patient
verifies to the nurse that he has understood the nurse’s teachings about coronary artery
A) “All I have to do is stop smoking, and then I won’t have any more heart attacks.”
B) “My artery was clogged by fat, so I will need to stop eating fatty foods like
French fries every day.”
C) “Sounds like this began because of inflammation inside my artery that made it
easy to form fatty streaks, which lead to my clogged artery.”
D) “If I do not exercise regularly to get my heart rate up, blood pools in the veins
causing a clot that stops blood flow to the muscle, and I will have a heart attack.”
The true etiology/cause of coronary artery disease (CAD) is unknown; however, the
pathogenesis of the disorder relates to the progression of the inflammatory process from
a fatty streak to the occlusive vessel lesion seen in people with coronary artery disease.
Risk factors for CAD revolve around cigarette smoking, diet high in fat, and lack of
6. A 77-year-old man is a hospital inpatient admitted for exacerbation of his chronic
obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and a respiratory therapist (RT) is assessing the
client for the first time. WhichNUofRtSheIfNolGloTwBin.gCaOspMects of the patient’s current state of
health would be best characterized as a symptom rather than a sign?
A) The patient’s oxygen saturation is 83% by pulse oxymetry.
B) The patient notes that he has increased work of breathing when lying supine.
C) The RT hears diminished breath sounds to the patient’s lower lung fields
D) The patient’s respiratory rate is 31 breaths/minute.
Symptoms are subjective complaints by the person experiencing the health problem,
such as complaints of breathing difficulty. Oxygen levels, listening to breath sounds,
and respiratory rate are all objective, observable signs of disease.