Microbiology: An Evolving Science 4th Edition Test Bank

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Chapters: 28
Format: PDF
ISBN-13: 978-0393614039
ISBN-10: 0393614034
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
Authors: John W. Foster, Joan L. Slonczewski

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SKU:000786000594

Microbiology: An Evolving Science 4th Edition Test Bank

Table of Contents

Part I: The Microbial Cell
Chapter 1. Microbial Life: Origin and Discovery
Chapter 2. Observing the Microbial Cell
Chapter 3. Cell Structure and Function
Chapter 4. Bacterial Culture, Growth, and Development
Chapter 5. Environmental Influences and Control of Microbial Growth
Chapter 6. Viruses
Part II: Genes and Genomes
Chapter 7. Genomes and Chromosomes
Chapter 8. Transcription, Translation, and Bioinformatics
Chapter 9. Gene Transfer, Mutations, and Genome Evolution
Chapter 10. Molecular Regulation
Chapter 11. Viral Molecular Biology
Chapter 12. Biotechniques and Synthetic Biology
Part III: Metabolism and Biochemistry
Chapter 13. Energetics and Catabolism
Chapter 14. Electron Flow on Organotrophy, Lithotrophy. and Phototrophy
Chapter 15. Biosynthesis
Chapter 16. Food and Industrial Microbiology
Part IV: Microbial Diversity and Ecology
Chapter 17. Origins and Evolution
Chapter 18. Bacterial Diversity
Chapter 19. Archaeal Diversity
Chapter 20. Eukaryotic Diversity
Chapter 21. Microbial Ecology
Chapter 22. Microbes in Global Elemental Cycles
Part V: Medicine and Immunology
Chapter 23. Human Microbiota and Innate Immunity
Chapter 24. The Adaptive Immune Response
Chapter 25. Microbial Pathogenesis
Chapter 26. Microbial Diseases
Chapter 27. Antimicrobial Therapy
Chapter 28. Clinical Microbiology and Epidemiology

CHAPTER 1: Microbial Life: Origin and Discovery 

MULTIPLE CHOICE 

  1. Viruses are 
  2. infectious agents that infect exclusively multicellular organisms. 
  3. noncellular particles that take over the metabolism of a cell to generate more virus 

particles. 

  1. pathogens that replicate in complex growth media. 
  2. cellular particles that belong to the archaea domain. 
  3. microbes that consist of lipid membrane–enclosed genomes. 

ANS: B DIF: Easy REF: 1.1 

OBJ: 1.1a Recall the definition of a microbe | 1.1b List examples of microbes 

MSC: Remembering 

  1. Analysis of DNA sequences reveals 
  2. the ancient convergence of two cell types (i.e., prokaryotes and eukaryotes). 
  3. that prokaryotes and eukaryotes evolved from a common ancestral cell. 
  4. that bacteria share a common ancestor with archaea but not with eukarya. 
  5. that prokaryotes are cells with a nucleus. 
  6. that the genome of Haemophilus influenzae has about 2 billion base pairs. 

ANS: B DIF: Easy REF: 1.1 

OBJ: 1.1d Explain the implications of microbial genome sequencing 

MSC: Understanding 

  1. Which of these groups are considered to be microbes but NOT considered to be cells? a. viruses d. protists 
  2. bacteria e. filamentous fungi 
  3. archaea 

ANS: A DIF: Easy REF: 1.1 

OBJ: 1.1a Recall the definition of a microbe | 1.1c Describe some problems with the definition of  a microbe MSC: Understanding 

  1. A microbe is commonly defined as a ________ that requires a microscope to be seen. a. virus d. multicellular eukaryote 
  2. bacterium e. living organism 
  3. single-cellular prokaryote 

ANS: E DIF: Easy REF: 1.1 

OBJ: 1.1a Recall the definition of a microbe MSC: Remembering 

  1. Which one of the following statements regarding microbial cells is FALSE? 
  2. Microbial cells acquire food, gain energy to build themselves, and respond to 

environmental change. 

  1. Most single-celled organisms require a microscope to render them visible, but some bacterial cells are large enough to be seen with naked eyes. 
  2. Microbes function as individual entities. 
  3. Many microbes form complex multicellular assemblages. 
  4. Viruses are not considered microbial cells. 

ANS: C DIF: Easy REF: 1.1 

OBJ: 1.1a Recall the definition of a microbe MSC: Understanding 

  1. Which of the following statements is FALSE? 
  2. A genome is the total genetic information contained in an organism’s chromosomal DNA. b. If a microbe’s genome includes genes for nitrogenase, that microbe probably can fix nitrogen. 
  3. By comparing DNA sequences of different organisms, we can figure out how closely related they are. 
  4. Fred Sanger developed the first applicable DNA sequencing method. 
  5. Fred Sanger completed the sequences of Haemophilus influenzae

ANS: E DIF: Easy REF: 1.1 

OBJ: 1.1d Explain the implications of microbial genome sequencing 

MSC: Remembering 

  1. The first cellular genomes to be sequenced were those of 
  2. humans. d. prions. 
  3. bacteria. e. fungi. 
  4. viruses. 

ANS: B DIF: Easy REF: 1.1 

OBJ: 1.1d Explain the implications of microbial genome sequencing 

MSC: Remembering 

  1. The environment of early Earth may have contained all of the following EXCEPT 
  2. ferrous iron. d. oxygen. 
  3. methane. e. hydrogen gas. 
  4. ammonia. 

ANS: D DIF: Medium REF: Special Topic 1.1 

OBJ: 1.1a Recall the definition of a microbe MSC: Remembering 

  1. The development of the theory of the “RNA world” resulted from the discovery of 
  2. archaea. d. ribozymes. 
  3. prions. e. endosymbionts. 
  4. bacteria. 

ANS: D DIF: Medium REF: 1.6 

OBJ: 1.6b Explain how studies on microbes fostered our knowledge of DNA function and  enhanced DNA technology MSC: Remembering 

  1. What is the evidence that living cells existed on Earth up to 3.8 billion years ago? 
  2. microfossils d. Martian folded rock formations 
  3. 16S ribosomal RNA e. diatom shells 
  4. Miller and Urey’s experiments 

ANS: A DIF: Medium REF: Special Topic 1.1 

OBJ: 1.5a Explain why microbes can be challenging to classify taxonomically | 1.5b Outline how  microbial classification has changed over time MSC: Remembering 

  1. What did van Leeuwenhoek discover using microscopic observations before and after drinking hot beverages? 
  2. Heat did not kill microbes. 
  3. Heat killed microbes. 
  4. Heat did not kill algae. 
  1. Caffeine in coffee killed microbes. 
  2. The existence of spiral-shaped microbes. 

ANS: B DIF: Medium REF: 1.2 

OBJ: 1.2b Explain why the microscope is an important tool in the field of microbiology | 1.2c  Identify the contributions of the following individuals: Nightingale, Hooke, van Leeuwenhoek,  Pasteur, and Tyndall MSC: Analyzing 

  1. Tyndall’s spontaneous generation experiments occasionally failed due to 
  2. nutrient chirality. d. lack of oxygen. 
  3. dust. e. endospores. 
  4. fermentation. 

ANS: E DIF: Easy REF: 1.2 

OBJ: 1.2d Compare and contrast Spallanzani’s, Pasteur’s, and Tyndall’s experiments that tested  spontaneous generation MSC: Analyzing 

  1. The discovery of microbes occurred in the ________ century? 
  1. seventeenth d. twentieth 
  2. eighteenth e. twenty-first 
  3. nineteenth 

ANS: C DIF: Easy REF: 1.2 

OBJ: 1.2b Explain why the microscope is an important tool in the field of microbiology MSC: Remembering 

  1. Robert Koch won the Nobel Prize for his contribution to medical bacteriology regarding a. Escherichia coli. d. rabies. 
  2. Bacillus subtilis. e. smallpox. 
  3. Mycobacterium tuberculosis. 

ANS: C DIF: Medium REF: 1.3 OBJ: 1.3b List Koch’s  postulates 

MSC: Remembering 

  1. How did European invaders to North America kill much of the native population? 
  2. tuberculosis d. HIV 
  3. leprosy e. bubonic plague 
  4. smallpox 

ANS: C DIF: Medium REF: 1.2 

OBJ: 1.2a List both positive and negative impacts that microbes have had on human history MSC: Understanding 

  1. Florence Nightingale 
  2. is best known as the founder of professional nursing. 
  3. was the first to use disinfectant to demonstrate the significance of aseptic technique. c. developed the pie chart of mortality data during the Crimean War. 
  4. performed the first controlled experiment on the chemical conversion of matter, known today as chemotherapy. 
  5. argued that the environment of early Earth contained mainly reduced compounds. 

ANS: A DIF: Easy REF: 1.2 

OBJ: 1.2a List both positive and negative impacts that microbes have had on human history | 1.2c  Identify the contributions of the following individuals: Nightingale, Hooke, van Leeuwenhoek,  Pasteur, and Tyndall MSC: Remembering 

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