Basic Nursing Thinking Doing and Caring 2nd Edition Treas Test Bank

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Chapters: 46
Format: PDF
ISBN-13: 978-0803659421
ISBN-10: 0803659423
Publisher: F.A. Davis Company
Authors: Leslie S. Treas, Judith M. Wilkinson,
Karen L. Barnett, Mable H. Smith

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Basic Nursing Thinking Doing and Caring 2nd Edition Treas Test Bank

Table of Contents

I. How Nurses Think 

1. Nursing Past & Present
2. Critical Thinking and Nursing Process
3. Assessment
4. Nursing Process: Diagnosis

5. Planning Outcomes

6. Planning Interventions
7. Implementation & Evaluation
8. Theory, Research, & Evidence Based Practice

II. Factors Affecting Health 

9. Development: Infancy through Middle Adulthood
10. Development: Older Adulthood
11. Experiencing Health and Illness

12. Stress & Adaptation

13. Psychosocial Health & Illness
14. Family

15. Culture and Ethnicity

16. Spirituality
17. Loss, Grief, & Dying
III. Essential Nursing Interventions 
18. Documenting & Reporting
19. Vital Signs
20. Communicating & Therapeutic Relationships
21. Physical Assessment
22. Infection Prevention & Control
23. Safety
24. Hygiene
IV. Supporting Physiological Functioning 
28. Nutrition
29. Bowel Elimination

30. Urinary Elimination

31. Sensory Perception
32. Pain
33. Activity & Exercise
34. Sexual Health
35. Sleep & Rest
36. Skin Integrity & Wound Healing
37. Oxygenation

38. Circulation & Perfusion

39. Fluids, Electrolytes, & Acid-Base Balance
V. The Context for Nurses’ Work 
40. Perioperative Nursing

41. Leading and Managing

42. Community & Home Health Nursing
43. Nursing Ethics

44. Legal Accountability Bonus Chapters Online at www.DavisAdvantage.com

45. Nursing Informatics
46. Holistic Healing

Basic Nursing Thinking Doing and Caring 2nd Edition Treas Test Bank

Chapter 1. Nursing Past & Present
Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
____ 1. What is the most influential factor that has shaped the nursing profession?
1)
Physicians need for handmaidens
2)
Societal need for healthcare outside the home
3)
Military demand for nurses in the field
4)
Germ theory influence on sanitation
ANS: 3
Throughout the centuries, stability of the government has been related to the success of
the military to protect or extend its domain. As the survival and well-being of soldiers is
critical, nurses provided healthcare to the sick and injured at the battle site. The
physicians handmaiden was/is a nursing stereotype rather than an influence on nursing.
Although there has been need for healthcare outside the home throughout history, this has
more influence on the development of hospitals than on nursing; this need provided one
more setting for nursing work. Germ theory and sanitation helped to improve healthcare
but did not shape nursing.
PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: dm 910 KEY: Nursing process: N/A Client need: N/A |
Cognitive level: Recall
____ 2. Which of the following is an example of an illness prevention activity? Select all
that apply.
1)
Encouraging the use of a food diary
2)
Joining a cancer support group
3)
Administering immunization for HPV
4)
Teaching a diabetic patient about his diet
ANS: 3
Administering immunization for HPV is an example of illness prevention. Although
cancer is a disease, it is assumed that a person joining a support group would already
have the disease; therefore, this is not disease prevention but treatment. Illness-prevention
activities focus on avoiding a specific disease. A food diary is a health-promotion
activity. Teaching a diabetic patient about diet is a treatment for diabetes; the patient
already has diabetes, so it cannot prevent diabetes.
PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: p. 18; high-level question, not directly stated in text KEY:
Nursing process: N/A | Client need: HPM | Cognitive level: Application
____ 3. Which of the following contributions of Florence Nightingale had an immediate
impact on improving patients health?
1)
Providing a clean environment
2)
Improving nursing education
3)
Changing the delivery of care in hospitals
4)
Establishing nursing as a distinct profession
ANS: 1
Improved sanitation (a clean environment) greatly and immediately reduced the rate of
infection and mortality in hospitals. The other responses are all activities of Florence
Nightingale that improved healthcare or nursing, but the impact is long range, not
immediate.
PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: V1, p. 3; student must infer from content | V1, p. 10; student
must infer from content
KEY: Nursing process: N/A | Client need: SECE | Cognitive level: Application
____ 4. All of the following are aspects of the full-spectrum nursing role. Which one is
essential for the nurse to do in order to successfully carry out all the others?
1)
Thinking and reasoning about the clients care
2)
Providing hands-on client care
3)
Carrying out physician orders
4)
Delegating to assistive personnel
ANS: 1
A substantial portion of the nursing role involves using clinical judgment, critical
thinking, and problem solving, which directly affect the care the client will actually
receive. Providing hands-on care is important; however, clinical judgment, critical
thinking, and problem solving are essential to do it successfully. Carrying out physician
orders is a small part of a nurses role; it, too, requires nursing assessment, planning,
intervention, and evaluation. Many simple nursing tasks are being delegated to nursing
assistive personnel; delegation requires careful analysis of patient status and the
appropriateness of support personnel to deliver care. Another way to analyze this
question is that none of the options of providing hands-on care, carrying out physician
orders, and delegating to assistive personnel is required for the nurse to think and reason
about a clients care; so the answer must be 1.
PTS:1DIFifficultREF: p. 11
KEY: Nursing process: N/A | Client need: N/A | Cognitive level: Analysis
____ 5. Which statement pertaining to Benners practice model for clinical competence is
true?
1)
Progression through the stages is constant, with most nurses reaching the proficient stage.
2)
Progression through the stages involves continual development of thinking and technical
skills.
3)
The nurse must have experience in many areas before being considered an expert.
4)
The nurses progress through the stages is determined by years of experience and skills.
ANS: 2
Movement through the stages is not constant. Benners model is based on integration of
knowledge, technical skill, and intuition in the development of clinical wisdom. The
model does not mention experience in many areas. The model does not mention years of
experience.
PTS:1DIF:ModerateREF:p. 15
KEY: Nursing process: N/A | Client need: N/A | Cognitive level: Recall
____ 6. Which of the following best explains why it is difficult for the profession to
develop a definition of nursing?
1)
There are too many different and conflicting images of nurses.
2)
There are constant changes in healthcare and the activities of nurses.
3)
There is disagreement among the different nursing organizations.
4)
There are different education pathways and levels of practice.
ANS: 2
The conflicting images of nursing make it more important to develop a definition; they
may also make it more difficult, but not to the extent that constant change does.
Healthcare is constantly changing and with it come changes in where, how, and what
nursing care is delivered. Constant changes make it difficult to develop a definition.
Although different nursing organizations have different definitions, they are similar in
most ways. The different education pathways affect entry into practice, not the definition
of nursing.
PTS: 1 DIF: Moderate REF: p. 11; How Is Nursing Defined?
KEY: Nursing process: N/A | Client need: N/A | Cognitive level: Analysis
____ 7. Nurses have the potential to be very influential in shaping healthcare policy.
Which of the following factors contributes most to nurses influence?
1)
Nurses are the largest health professional group.
2)
Nurses have a long history of serving the public.
3)
Nurses have achieved some independence from physicians in recent years.
4)
Political involvement has helped refute negative images portrayed in the media.
ANS: 1

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